The Schwarzenau Brethren, or German Baptist Brethren as it is known in America, originated in Germany, the outcome of the Radical Pietist ferment of the late 17th and early 18th century. Hopeful of the imminent return of Christ, the founding Brethren abandoned the established Reformed and Lutheran churches, forming a new church in 1708 when their apocalyptic hopes were still unfulfilled. They thereby attempted to translate "the Philadelphian idea of love into concrete congregational ordinances obligatory for all the members." Unlike the Philadelphians, Brethren rejected Leade's embrace of direct revelation and emphasized early ("Apostolic" or "primitive") Christianity as the binding standard for congregational practices. The founding Brethren were also in conversation with Mennonites and influenced by Anabaptist writings.
In Germany the Brethren became known as Neue Täufer (New Baptists), in distinction from the older Anabaptist groups. In the United States they became popularly known as Dunkers, Dunkards or Tunkers, corruptions of the German verb tunken, to dip. Another religious group related historically to the same Radical Pietist ferment as the Brethren is the Community of True Inspiration.
Other articles related to "schwarzenau brethren, brethren, schwarzenau":
... There are several religious groups named Brethren that are not related to the Schwarzenau Brethren movement ... The Moravian Brethren and Swiss Brethren are not related to the Schwarzenau Brethren ... The Plymouth Brethren arose in England and Ireland early in the 19th century ...
... The Schwarzenau Brethren originated in 1708 in Schwarzenau, Bad Berleburg, Germany, with Alexander Mack ... also been called "Dunkers" or "German Baptist Brethren" ... wings in 1881–1883 Traditionalists Old German Baptist Brethren Old Brethren German Baptist Old Order German Baptist Brethren Conservatives Church of the Brethren ...
Famous quotes containing the word brethren:
“The denial of our duty to act in this case is a denial of our right to act; and if we have no right to act, then may we well be termed the white slaves of the North, for like our brethren in bonds, we must seal our lips in silence and despair.”
—Angelina Grimké (18051879)