Samuel Doe

Samuel Doe

Samuel Kanyon Doe (May 6, 1951 – September 9, 1990) was the 21st President of Liberia, holding de facto office from 1980 and official office from 1986 until his assassination in 1990. He had previously been Chairman of the People's Redemption Council from 1980 to 1986. He was the first indigenous head of state in Liberian history.

Doe was a part of a rural tribe in inland Liberia. The Krahn are a minority ethnic group but part of the large majority of the Liberian population that are of indigenous descent. These groups faced economic and political domination by the Americo-Liberian elites, who were descended from free-born and formerly enslaved blacks from America who founded Liberia in 1847.

Under Doe, Liberian ports were opened to Canadian, Chinese and European ships, which brought in considerable foreign investment from foreign shipping firms and earned Liberia a reputation as a tax haven.

Doe attempted to legitimize his regime with a new constitution in 1984 and elections in 1985. However, opposition to his rule only increased, especially after the 1985 elections which were declared to be fraudulent by the U.S. and other foreign observers. In the late 1980s, as fiscal austerity took hold in the United States and the threat of Communism declined with the waning of the Cold War, the U.S. became disenchanted with entrenched corruption in Doe's government and began cutting off critical foreign aid to Doe. This, combined with the popular anger generated by Doe's favoritism toward his native Krahn tribe, placed him in a very precarious position.

A civil war began in December 1989, when rebels intent on toppling Doe entered Liberia through Côte d'Ivoire. Doe's forces were defeated, and in September 1990 he was captured, tortured and executed.

Read more about Samuel Doe:  Early Life, 1980 Coup, New Government, Presidency, Assassination, Personal Life

Other articles related to "samuel doe, samuel, doe":

Amos Sawyer
... period after the abduction (and eventual murder) of president Samuel Doe, from 9 September 1990 until 22 November 1990, principal mutineer Prince Johnson, and coconspirator ... Preceded by Samuel Doe President of the Interim Government of National Unity 1990–1994 Succeeded by David D ... Samuel Doe Amos Sawyer David D ...
Government Of Liberia - Political Developments Since 1980
... In the 1980s, Samuel K ... Doe's government increasingly adopted an ethnic outlook as members of his Krahn ethnic group soon dominated political and military life in Liberia ... Elections were held on 15 October 1985 in which Doe's National Democratic Party of Liberia (NDPL) was declared winner ...
Samuel Doe - Personal Life
... Doe was a Protestant Christian ... At one time, he was a member of the First Baptist Church in the town of Zwedru in Grand Gedeh County ...
Military History Of Liberia - History - Doe Era
... The group was made up of Master Sergeant Samuel Doe, two staff sergeants, four sergeants, eight corporals, and two privates ... Doe became Head of State and co-chair of the new People's Redemption Council government ... this position that Quiwonkpa inherited.) Henry Dubar (who had helped recruit Doe personally years before) was promoted in one leap from captain to lieutenant general as Chief of Staff ...

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