Romanian Alphabet

The Romanian alphabet is a modification of the classical Latin alphabet and consists of 31 letters:

Letter Name
A, a a
Ă, ă ă
Â, â î / î din a
B, b be / bî
C, c ce / cî
D, d de / dî
E, e e
F, f ef / fe / fî
G, g ge / ghe / gî
H, h haș / ha / hî
I, i i
Letter Name
Î, î î / î din i
J, j je / jî
K, k ca / capa
L, l el / le / lî
M, m em / me / mî
N, n en / ne / nî
O, o o
P, p pe / pî
Q, q kü / chiu
R, r er / re / rî
S, s es / se / sî
Letter Name
Ș, ș / Ş, ş șe / şî
T, t te / tî
Ț, ț / Ţ, ţ țe / ţî
U, u u
V, v ve / vî
W, w dublu ve / dublu vî
X, x ics
Y, y igrec / i grec
Z, z ze / zet / zed / zî

The letters Q (read or chiu), W (dublu ve), and Y (igrec or i grec) were officially introduced in the Romanian alphabet in 1982, although they had been used earlier. They occur only in foreign words and their Romanian derivatives, such as quasar, watt, and yacht. The letter K, although relatively older, is also rarely used and appears only in proper names and international neologisms such as kilogram, broker, karate. These four letters are still perceived as foreign, which explains their use for stylistic purposes in words such as nomenklatură (normally nomenclatură, meaning "nomenclature", but sometimes spelled with a k to mean the members of the Communist leadership in the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc countries, as Nomenklatura is used in English).

In cases where the word is a direct borrowing having diacritical marks not present in the above alphabet, official spelling tends to favor their use (München, Angoulême etc., as opposed to the use of Istanbul over İstanbul).

Read more about Romanian AlphabetLetters and Their Pronunciation, Special Letters, Phonetic Alphabet

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... The Romanian alphabet is as follows Uppercase letters A Ă Â B C D E F G H I Î J K L M N O P Q R S Ș T Ț U V W X Y Z Lowercase letters a ă â b c d e f g h i î j k l m n o p q r s ș t ... The Romanian alphabet is based on the Latin script with five additional letters Ă, Â, Î, Ș, Ț ... Today the Romanian alphabet is largely phonemic ...

Famous quotes containing the word alphabet:

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    Anne Sexton (1928–1974)