Rock music is a genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in 1950s America and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and the United States. It has its roots in 1940s' and 1950s' rock and roll, itself heavily influenced by rhythm and blues and country music. Rock music also drew strongly on a number of other genres such as blues and folk, and incorporated influences from jazz, classical and other musical sources.
Musically, rock has centered around the electric guitar, usually as part of a rock group with bass guitar and drums. Typically, rock is song-based music usually with a 4/4 time signature utilizing a verse-chorus form, but the genre has become extremely diverse and common musical characteristics are difficult to define. Like pop music, lyrics often stress romantic love but also address a wide variety of other themes that are frequently social or political in emphasis. The dominance of rock by white, male musicians has been seen as one of the key factors shaping the themes explored in rock music. Rock places a higher degree of emphasis on musicianship, live performance, and an ideology of authenticity than pop music.
By the late 1960s, referred to as the "golden age" or "classic rock" period, a number of distinct rock music sub-genres had emerged, including hybrids like blues rock, folk rock, country rock, and jazz-rock fusion, many of which contributed to the development of psychedelic rock influenced by the counter-cultural psychedelic scene. New genres that emerged from this scene included progressive rock, which extended the artistic elements; glam rock, which highlighted showmanship and visual style; and the diverse and enduring major sub-genre of heavy metal, which emphasized volume, power and speed. In the second half of the 1970s, punk rock both intensified and reacted against some of these trends to produce a raw, energetic form of music characterized by overt political and social critiques. Punk was an influence into the 1980s on the subsequent development of other sub-genres, including New Wave, post-punk and eventually the alternative rock movement. From the 1990s alternative rock began to dominate rock music and break through into the mainstream in the form of grunge, Britpop, and indie rock. Further fusion sub-genres have since emerged, including pop punk, rap rock, and rap metal, as well as conscious attempts to revisit rock's history, including the garage rock/post-punk and synthpop revivals at the beginning of the new millennium.
Rock music has also embodied and served as the vehicle for cultural and social movements, leading to major sub-cultures including mods and rockers in the UK and the hippie counterculture that spread out from San Francisco in the US in the 1960s. Similarly, 1970s punk culture spawned the visually distinctive goth and emo subcultures. Inheriting the folk tradition of the protest song, rock music has been associated with political activism as well as changes in social attitudes to race, sex and drug use, and is often seen as an expression of youth revolt against adult consumerism and conformity.
Other articles related to "music, rock music, rock":
... Mid-1960s music trends Duke Ellington's First Sacred Concert A revival of interest in Emile Jaques-Dalcroze's eurhythmics, a system of music education for ... that "the classical, popular and traditional spheres (of American music) were separate branches of musical activity and also parts of one interdependent whole" takes hold ... Rock music begins to win "intellectual respectability", while the term rock music, as opposed to rock and roll comes into wide use ...
... Rock music in Taiwan grew up separately from its counterpart in mainland China, and although there has naturally been some cross-fertilisation, and Taiwanese ... The Taiwanese rock scene is nurtured by regular festivals, notably the annual Spring Scream, Ho-Hai-Yan and Formoz festivals ... Major Taiwanese rock acts include 1976 Blacklist Studio Chang Chen-yue Cherry Boom ChthoniC Dong Cheng Wei F.I.R ...
... Bikeology Festival June Cycling Culture Blueberry Bluegrass and Country Music Festival Late July/Early August bluegrass and country music Canadian Finals Rodeo November National championship Rodeo ... Edmonton International Jazz Festival June jazz music Edmonton International Street Performer's Festival July Busking Edmonton Poetry Festival April Poetry Edmonton Pride ... Activities include chuckwagon races, carnival rides and fairways, music, trade shows and daily fireworks ...
... Main article Social effects of rock music The worldwide popularity of rock music meant that it became a major influence on culture, fashion and social ... Different sub-genres of rock were adopted by, and became central to, the identity of a large number of sub-cultures ... the Teddy Boy and Rockers subcultures, which revolved around US rock and roll ...
... Rock music has been produced in Latin America since the late 1950s ... Some Rock bands started to use unusual instruments such as maracas and quenas ... like Santana started using a different technique to make Rock music by incorporating influences of Latin Jazz ...
Famous quotes containing the words rock music, music and/or rock:
“Rock music should be gross: thats the fun of it. It gets up and drops its trousers.”
—Bruce Dickinson (b. 1958)
“If music be the food of love, play on,
Give me excess of it that, surfeiting,
The appetite may sicken and so die.”
—William Shakespeare (15641616)
“The acorns not yet
Fallen from the tree
Thats to grow the wood,
Thats to make the cradle,
Thats to rock the bairn,
Thats to grow a man,
Thats to lay me.”
—Unknown. The Cauld Lad of Hilton or, The Wandering Spectre (l. 28)