The Republican Fascist Party (Partito Fascista Repubblicano, PFR) was a political party led by Benito Mussolini during the German occupation of Central and Northern Italy. It was founded as the successor of former National Fascist Party as an anti-monarchist party. It considered King Victor Emmanuel III to be a traitor after he had signed the surrender to the Allied powers.
After the Nazi-engineered Gran Sasso raid liberated Mussolini, on September 13 the PNF was revived as the PFR as the single party of the Northern and Nazi-protected Italian Social Republic (the Salò Republic). Its secretary was Alessandro Pavolini. The PFR did not outlast Mussolini's execution and the disappearance of the Salò state in April 1945, even if many of its members founded the Italian Social Movement after the war.
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Famous quotes containing the words party, republican and/or fascist:
“Such is the human race. Often it does seem such a pity that Noah and his party did not miss the boat.”
—Mark Twain [Samuel Langhorne Clemens] (18351910)
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“I have often thought that if a rational Fascist dictatorship were to exist, then it would choose the American system.”
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