Relapse, in relation to drug misuse, is resuming the use of a drug or a chemical substance after one or more periods of abstinence. The term is a landmark feature of both substance dependence and substance abuse, which are learned behaviors, and is maintained by neuronal adaptations that mediate learning and processing of various motivational stimuli. An important aspect of drug use is the propensity for repeated use and dependence, tendencies that are influenced by the nature of the drug itself and thus vary from substance to substance. Those substances that are cleared from the body most quickly, those with the highest pharmacological efficacy, and those that induce the highest tolerance elicit the most severe tendencies in users. Drug dependence can lead to increased tolerance to the substance in question, cravings, and withdrawal if the drug use ceases.

Read more about Relapse:  Causes, Triggers, Treatment, Animal Models, Differences Between Sexes

Other articles related to "relapse":

H19 (gene) - Role in Cancer - Larynx Cancer
... in laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas that relapse as compared to those that do not relapse ... of a prognostic classifier for this cancer H19 was the strongest predictor of relapse ...
Relapse Prevention
... Relapse prevention is a cognitive-behavioral approach with the goal of identifying and preventing high-risk situations such as substance abuse, obsessive-compulsive behavior, sexual ... Furthermore, relapse prevention is an important component in the treatment process of alcoholism, or alcohol dependence ...
Soilent Green - Discography
... Date of release Title Label 1995 Pussysoul Dwell Records 1998 A String of Lies (EP) Relapse Records 1998 Sewn Mouth Secrets Relapse Records 2001 A Deleted Symphony for the Beaten Down Relapse Records ...
Relapse - Differences Between Sexes
... There exists a higher rate of relapse, shorter periods of abstinence, and higher responsiveness to drug-related cues in women as compared to men ... play a significant role in drug-primed relapse ... quitting a drug of abuse and preparing for magnified symptoms of withdrawal or susceptibility to relapse ...
Conditioned Place Preference - Extinction and Reinstatement Procedures - Relapse
... drug primes provide evidence for their role in relapse behavior in humans ... used to examine potential causes of relapse in humans ... Stress and drug-primes have also shown to contribute to relapse behaviour in humans ...

Famous quotes containing the word relapse:

    Of late the new “life philosophy” has shown a tendency to relapse into a bewildering confusion of logical and poetical means of expression.
    Johan Huizinga (1872–1945)

    Habitual Teetotallers: There should be asylums for such people. But they would probably relapse into teetotalism as soon as they came out.
    Samuel Butler (1835–1902)