Pyramid Texts

The Pyramid Texts are a collection of ancient Egyptian religious texts from the time of the Old Kingdom. They are possibly the oldest known religious texts in the world. Written in Old Egyptian, the pyramid texts were carved on the walls and sarcophagi of the pyramids at Saqqara during the 5th and 6th Dynasties of the Old Kingdom. The oldest of the texts have been dated to between ca. 2400-2300 BC. Unlike the later Coffin Texts and Book of the Dead, the pyramid texts were reserved only for the pharaoh and were not illustrated. Following the earlier Palermo Stone, the pyramid texts mark the next-oldest known mention of Osiris, who would become the most important deity associated with afterlife in the Ancient Egyptian religion.

The spells, or "utterances", of the pyramid texts are primarily concerned with protecting the pharaoh's remains, reanimating his body after death, and helping him ascend to the heavens, which are the emphasis of the afterlife during the Old Kingdom. The spells delineate all of the ways the pharaoh could travel, including the use of ramps, stairs, ladders, and most importantly flying. The spells could also be used to call the gods to help, even threatening them if they did not comply.

Read more about Pyramid TextsVersions, Examples, In Popular Culture

Other articles related to "pyramid texts, texts, pyramids, pyramid":

James Peter Allen - Major Publications
... The Inflection of the Verb in the Pyramid Texts (Malibu Undena, 1984) Genesis in Egypt The Philosophy of Ancient Egyptian Creation Accounts (New Haven Yale ... (New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2006) The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts (Society of Biblical Literature, 2005) The Egyptian Coffin Texts, Vol ... Middle Kingdom Copies of Pyramid Texts (Chicago University Press, 2006) "The Amarna Succession" in Causing His Name to Live Studies in Egyptian Epigraphy and History in Memory of ...
Pyramid Texts - In Popular Culture
... of the horizon" is a quotation from the Pyramid Texts ... made a song, "Unas Slayer of the Gods" which contains many references to the Pyramid Texts, including the Cannibal Hymn ...
Dorothy Eady - Omm Sety's Observations of Surviving Folkways
... III south of Abydos, a statue of Taweret in the Cairo museum and the pyramids at Giza She also reported how people would come to her looking for a cure for impotency ... people she would carry out a ritual based on the Pyramid Texts ... Such customs were first recorded in the Pyramid Texts during the third millennium BCE ...
Wenis - The Pyramid Texts
... He built a small pyramid at Saqqara, originally named "Beautiful are the places of Unas", close to the Step Pyramid of Djoser ... Malek considers "the main innovation of Unas' pyramid, and one that was to be characteristic of the remaining pyramids of the Old Kingdom (including some of the queens ... These texts were inscribed in Sixth Dynasty royal versions, but Unas's texts contains verses and spells which were not included in the later 6th dynasty copies ...
Book Of The Dead - Development
... The first funerary texts were the Pyramid Texts, first used in the Pyramid of King Unas of the 5th dynasty, around 2400 BC ... These texts were written on the walls of the burial chambers within pyramids, and were exclusively for the use of the Pharaoh (and, from the 6th dynasty, the Queen) ... The Pyramid Texts were written in an unusual hieroglyphic style many of the hieroglyphs representing humans or animals were left incomplete or drawn mutilated, most likely to prevent them causing any harm to the ...

Famous quotes containing the words texts and/or pyramid:

    The party of God and the party of Literature have more in common than either will admit; their texts may conflict, but their bigotries coincide. Both insist on being the sole custodians of the true word and its only interpreters.
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