Proportional Representation

Proportional representation (PR) is a concept in voting systems used to elect an assembly or council. PR means that the number of seats won by a party or group of candidates is proportionate to the number of votes received. For example, under a PR voting system, if 30% of voters support a particular party then roughly 30% of seats will be won by that party. PR is an alternative to voting systems based on single-member districts or on bloc voting; these non-PR systems tend to produce disproportionate outcomes and to have a bias in favour of larger political groups. PR systems tend to produce a proliferation of political parties. There are many different forms of proportional representation. Some are focused solely on achieving the proportional representation of different political parties (such as list PR) while others permit the voter to choose between individual candidates (such as PR-STV). The degree of proportionality also varies; it is determined by factors such as the precise formula used to allocate seats, the number of seats in each constituency or in the elected body as a whole, and the level of any minimum threshold for election.

Read more about Proportional RepresentationSingle Winner Systems, Voting Systems That Achieve More Party-proportional Representation, History, Partial Proportionality, List of Countries Using Proportional Representation

Other articles related to "proportional representation":

List Of Constituencies Of The Legislative Yuan - Former Makeup
... constituency) 4 - Nation-wide constituency (proportional representation) 41 - Overseas Chinese (proportional representation) 8 - Total 225 (176 from multi-member, non-aboriginal and non-prop ...
Multi-member Constituencies In The Parliament Of The United Kingdom - Method of Election - Single Transferable Vote
... Commissions (Great Britain and Ireland) in 1917, of the Royal Commission on Proportional Representation in 1918, all held before the legislation was introduced ... There had been a call for the introduction of proportional representation in multi member seats, at least in major urban areas where constituencies would not have to cover very large areas ... However one part of the proportional representation scheme survived into the final Act of Parliament ...
Lesotho Parliamentary Election, 2007
... for election together with 40 seats allocated by proportional representation ... which is allied with the LCD, won 21 seats through proportional representation, and the Lesotho Workers' Party, which is allied with the ABC, won 10 seats through proportional representation ... has followed the election regarding the allocation of the seats based on proportional representation ...
Elections In Guyana
... of the National Assembly is as follows- 25 members are elected via proportional representation from 10 Geographic Constituencies and 40 members are chosen also on the basis of ... Prior to 53 ... members were elected for a five-year term by proportional representation and 12 members delegated by local government councils ...
Proportional Representation - Further Reading - News
... Roland Nicholson, Jr ... "Proportional Representation Elections in Hong Kong", New York Times, September, 1992 ...

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