Probation developed from the efforts of a philanthropist, John Augustus, who looked for ways to rehabilitate the behavior of criminals. Probation literally means testing of strange behaviour or abilities. In a legal sense, an offender on probation is ordered to follow certain conditions set forth by the court, often under the supervision of a probation officer. Offenders are ordinarily required to refrain from subsequent possession of firearms, and may be ordered to remain employed, abide to a curfew, live at a directed place, obey the orders of the probation officer, or not leave the jurisdiction. The probationer might be ordered as well to refrained from contacts with the victims (such as a former partner in a domestic violence case), with potential victims of similar crimes (such as minors, if the instant offense involves child sexual abuse), or with known criminals, particularly co-defendants. Additionally, the restrictions can include a ban on possession or use of alcoholic beverages, even if alcohol was not involved in the original criminal charges. Offenders on probation might be fitted with an electronic tag (or monitor), which signals their whereabouts to officials. Also, offenders have been ordered to submit to repeated alcohol/drug testing or to participate in alcohol/drug or psychological treatment, or to perform community service work.

Read more about ProbationArming and Increased Authority, Types of Supervision, Shock Probation, Decision To Grant Probation, History, Theory, Probation Violations, Probation Revocation

Other articles related to "probation":

Probation Revocation
... When a probation violation is extremely severe, or after multiple lesser violations, a probation revocation hearing could be scheduled ... A judge at the hearing will consider reports from the probation officer, and if probation is revoked, the probationer will often be incarcerated in jail or prison ... In cases where a defendant opted to accept probation rather than incur the time or risk of going to trial, a probation revocation can result in conviction of the original criminal charges ...
London Probation Trust
... London Probation Trust is a law enforcement agency that is part of the National Probation Service (NPS) ... London Probation Trust works with other justice agencies and public bodies to protect the public and reduce re-offending ... London Probation Trust staff work with offenders from their first court appearance to completion of their sentence ...
Central Council Of Probation And After-Care Committees
... The Central Council of Probation and After-Care Committees is the body which co-ordinates probation services (which are generally organised on a county basis) in England and Wales and acts ...
Minecode - Scandals
... a $2,500 fine and sentenced to 1 year of probation ... Minecode itself was also sentenced to 3 years' probation, a fine of $144,000 and a restitution of $120,000 ... was sentenced to 90 days of home confinement with electronic monitoring and 3 years' probation ...
San Diego County, California Probation - Overview
... San Diego County Probation firearm policy requires a 9 mm pistol, which they provide ... In 1988, San Diego County Probation was the first county to be armed ... Deputy Probation Officers are classified as Peace Officers ...

Famous quotes containing the word probation:

    It is odd that the NCAA would place a school on probation for driving an athlete to class, or providing a loan, but would have no penalty for a school that violates Title IX, a federal law.
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