A priory is a monastery of men or women under religious vows that is headed by a prior or prioress. Priories may be houses of mendicant friars or religious sisters (as the Dominicans, Augustinians, Franciscans, and Carmelites, for instance), or monasteries of monks or nuns (as the Carthusians).

The Benedictines and their offshoots (Cistercians and Trappists among them), the Premonstratensians, and the military orders distinguish between conventual and simple or obedientiary priories. Conventual priories are those autonomous houses which have no abbots, either because the canonically required number of twelve monks has not yet been reached, or for some other reason. At present the Benedictine Order has twenty-seven conventual priories. Simple or obedientiary priories are dependencies of abbeys. Their superior, who is subject to the abbot in everything, is called a "prior." These monasteries are satellites of the mother abbey. The Cluniac order is notable for being organised entirely on this obedientiary principle, with a single abbot at the Abbey of Cluny, and all other houses dependent priories.

Priory may also refer to schools operated or sponsored by the Benedictines, such as the Saint Louis Priory School or the Woodside Priory School. Priory is also used to refer to the geographic headquarters of several commanderies of knights.

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Other articles related to "priory":

Clerkenwell Priory - History - Medieval Heyday
... a party of Hospitallers setting out from the Priory in 1237 for Crusade thus “ the Hospitallers sent their prior, Theodoric, a German by birth, and a most clever knight, with a body ... This was the only Hospitaller priory in England not to be able to pay its own way, due to its having to support and entertain the Grand Prior and large number of ... Royal guests at the Priory included King John in 1212, Edward, Prince of Wales (later Edward I) and his wife Eleanor of Castile in 1265 ...
List Of Monastic Houses In Leicestershire - Alphabetical Listing of Establishments
... or Dedication Alternative Names OnLine References Location Aldermanshaw Priory Belvoir Priory Bradley Priory Holy Hill monastery, Breedon Breedon Priory Buckminster Charley Priory Croxton Abbey Dalby ...
St Alphage London Wall - History - Priory Church
... The second church began as the Priory Church the (probably Benedictine) nunnery of St Mary-within-Cripplegate ... of the original Church of St Alphage, the Priory Church became the new Parish Church ...
Clerkenwell Priory
... Clerkenwell Priory was a priory of the Monastic Order of the Knights Hospitallers of St John of Jerusalem, located in Clerkenwell, London ...

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    —Unknown. A Lament for the Priory of Walsingham (l. 39–44)