Pride is an inwardly directed emotion that carries two common meanings. With a negative connotation, pride refers to an inflated sense of one's personal status or accomplishments, often used synonymously with hubris. With a positive connotation, pride refers to a satisfied sense of attachment toward one's own or another's choices and actions, or toward a whole group of people, and is a product of praise, independent self-reflection, or a fulfilled feeling of belonging. Philosophers and social psychologists have noted that pride is a complex secondary emotion which requires the development of a sense of self and the mastery of relevant conceptual distinctions (e.g., that pride is distinct from happiness and joy) through language-based interaction with others. Some social psychologists identify it as linked to a signal of high social status. In contrast pride could also be defined as a disagreement with the truth. One definition of pride in the first sense comes from St. Augustine: "the love of one's own excellence". In this sense, the opposite of pride is either humility or guilt; the latter in particular being a sense of one's own failure in contrast to Augustine's notion of excellence.

Pride is sometimes viewed as excessive or as a vice, sometimes as proper or as a virtue. While some philosophers such as Aristotle (and George Bernard Shaw) consider pride a profound virtue, some world religions consider it a sin, such as is expressed in Proverbs 11:2 of the Old Testament.

According to the Concise Oxford Dictionary, proud comes from late Old English prut, probably from Old French prud "brave, valiant" (11th century) (which became preux in French), from Late Latin term prodis "useful", which is compared with the Latin prodesse "be of use". The sense of "having a high opinion of oneself", not in French, may reflect the Anglo-Saxons' opinion of the Norman knights who called themselves "proud", like the French knights preux.

When viewed as a virtue, pride in one's appearance and abilities is known as virtuous pride, greatness of soul or magnanimity, but when viewed as a vice it is often termed vanity or vainglory. Pride can also manifest itself as a high opinion of one's nation (national pride) and ethnicity (ethnic pride).

Read more about Pride:  Ethnic Pride, LGBT Pride, Vanity, Literary References

Other articles related to "pride":

Pride Total Elimination 2003
... PRIDE Total Elimination 2003 was a mixed martial arts event held by PRIDE Fighting Championships ... This event was host to the quarterfinals of the 2003 PRIDE Middleweight Grand Prix tournament ... The four winners in the quarterfinals advanced to the PRIDE Final Conflict 2003 event in November where both the semi-finals and the finals were contested on the same night ...
Christer Lindarw
... Lindarw/After Dark wrote the Stockholm Gay Pride Anthem 2006 - "Kom Ut" ("Come Out") together with Stockholms Gaykör (Stockholms Gaychoir) ... "Kom Ut" ("Come Out") is the Stockholm Gay Pride official pride single for 2006 ...
Pride Bushido Survival 2006 - Pride 2006 Welterweight Grand Prix Bracket
... Opening round (PRIDE Bushido 11) Quarterfinals (PRIDE Bushido 12) Semifinals (PRIDE Bushido 13) Finals (PRIDE Bushido 13) Kazuo Misaki DEC Phil Baroni Kazuo Misaki Dan Henderson Dan Henderson BYE Ryo Chonan DEC Joey ...
Carlos Newton - Mixed Martial Arts Career - Pride FC
... In June 1998, Newton lost a technical bout in Pride Fighting Championships against Kazushi Sakuraba ... Neither Sakuraba nor Pride FC had truly come into their own at that time, but the Sakuraba vs ... loss to Hughes with a spectacular armbar or juji-gatame victory over Jose "Pele" Landi-Jons at Pride 19 in February, 2002, and in October, 2003 Newton won a ...

Famous quotes containing the word pride:

    Misquotation is, in fact, the pride and privilege of the learned. A widely-read man never quotes accurately, for the rather obvious reason that he has read too widely.
    Hesketh Pearson (1887–1964)

    What will we come to
    With all this pride of ancestry, we Yankees?
    I think we’re all mad.
    Robert Frost (1874–1963)

    Lord, what a thoughtless wretch was I,
    To mourn, and murmur and repine,
    To see the wicked placed on high,
    In pride and robes of honor shine.
    But oh, their end, their dreadful end,
    Thy sanctuary taught me so,
    On slipp’ry rocks I see them stand,
    And fiery billows roll below.
    Isaac Watts (1674–1748)