A political machine is a political organization in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters and businesses (usually campaign workers), who receive rewards for their efforts. The machine's power is based on the ability of the workers to get out the vote for their candidates on election day.
Although these elements are common to most political parties and organizations, they are essential to political machines, which rely on hierarchy and rewards for political power, often enforced by a strong party whip structure. Machines sometimes have a political boss, often rely on patronage, the spoils system, "behind-the-scenes" control, and longstanding political ties within the structure of a representative democracy. Machines typically are organized on a permanent basis instead of for a single election or event. The term may have a pejorative sense referring to corrupt political machines.
The term "political machine" dates back to the 20th century in the United States, where such organizations have existed in some municipalities and states since the 18th century. Similar machines have been described in Latin America, where the system has been called clientelism or political clientelism (after the similar Clientela relationship in the Roman Republic), especially in rural areas, and also in some African states and other emerging democracies, like postcommunist Eastern European countries. Japan's Liberal Democratic Party is often cited as another political machine, maintaining power in suburban and rural areas through its control of farm bureaus and road construction agencies. In Japan, the word jiban (literally "base" or "foundation") is the word used for political machine.
Read more about Political Machine: Definition, Function, Political Machines in The United States
Other articles related to "political machine, political machines, machine, political, machines":
... Louis — were accused of using political machines in the late 19th and early 20th centuries ... this time "cities experienced rapid growth under inefficient government." Each city's machine lived under a hierarchical system with a "boss" who held the allegiance of local business leaders, elected officials and ... Lord Bryce describes these political bosses saying Many machines formed in cities to serve immigrants to the U.S ...
... The Political Machine 2008 is a government simulation game from Stardock and the second game in the Political Machine series, in which the player leads a campaign to elect the ... It is the sequel to The Political Machine released in 2004 ... The Political Machine 2008 features new characters such as Barack Obama and John McCain ...
... and all leading straight to the corrupt political machine that was then running North America, and trying to get a strangle hold on all the rest of civilization ... cut off the head of the dragon by defeating the corrupt political machine in the next election ... right to elect Roderick Kinnison North American President, and the crooked political machine on the left (as 'Nationalist') to keep the corrupt ...
... He is promptly enlisted by the corrupt political machine of the fictional city of Stockport, led by the corrupt boss Jake Mayo (George Barbier) to run for ... He is expected to be the "cat's paw" of the political machine ... mispronunciation of Li Po), he embarks on a campaign to clean his town of its corrupt political machine ...
Famous quotes containing the words machine and/or political:
“All day long the machine waits: rooms,
stairs, carpets, furniture, people
those people who stand at the open windows like objects
waiting to topple.”
—Anne Sexton (19281974)
“Generally speaking, the political news, whether domestic or foreign, might be written today for the next ten years with sufficient accuracy. Most revolutions in society have not power to interest, still less alarm us; but tell me that our rivers are drying up, or the genus pine dying out in the country, and I might attend.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)