Greece and Rome
In some languages, "poetic diction" is quite a literal dialect use. In Classical Greek literature, for example, certain linguistic dialects were seen as appropriate for certain types of poetry. Thus, tragedy and history would employ different Greek dialects. In Latin, poetic diction involved not only a vocabulary somewhat uncommon in everyday speech, but syntax and inflections rarely seen elsewhere. Thus, the diction employed by Horace and Ovid will differ from that used by Julius Caesar, both in terms of word choice and in terms of word form.
The first writer to discuss poetic diction in the Western tradition was Aristotle (384 BC—322 BC). In his Poetics, he stated that the perfect style for writing poetry was one that was clear without meanness. He went on to define meanness of style as the deliberate avoidance of unusual words. He also warned against over-reliance on strange words:
- "The perfection of Diction is for it to be at once clear and not mean. The clearest indeed is that made up of the ordinary words for things, but it is mean... A certain admixture, accordingly, of unfamiliar terms is necessary. These, the strange word, the metaphor, the ornamental equivalent, etc., will save the language from seeming mean and prosaic, while the ordinary words in it will secure the requisite clearness. What helps most, however, to render the Diction at once clear and non-prosaic is the use of the lengthened, curtailed, and altered forms of words." 1
Read more about this topic: Poetic Diction
Other articles related to "greece and rome, greece, rome":
... In Greece, Hippocrates and Aristotle created considerable medical documentation about parasites in the Corpus Hippocraticus ... This disease was mentioned by Hippocrates in Greece along with Pliny the Elder, Galen, Aetius of Amida, and Paulus Aegineta of Alexandria in Rome ... Strangely, this disease was never present in Greece even though it was documented ...
... Private libraries of Ancient Rome were also considerable Roman aristocracy saw the library as a point of prestige and many of these were transferred to the monasteries of the medieval years ...
... Bradley, Keith ... Slavery and Society at Rome (1994) Cuffel, Victoria ...
... Main article Sport in Greece Panathenaic Stadium at the first day of the 1896 Summer Olympics (top) and the Olympic Stadium of Athens, during the 2004 games (bottom) ... Greece is the birthplace of the Olympic Games, first recorded in 776 BC ... Water polo and volleyball are also practiced widely in Greece while cricket and handball are relatively popular in Corfu and Veroia respectively ...
... The book was criticized in Rome's Senate as hardly serving the purposes of a Rome involved in wars ... Attention and Impatience he had to arrive at the End he proposed Rome does not play more than a marginal role ... Hence appears the Esteem Romances had in Rome which is more evident, by the Romance which Petronius (one of their Consuls, and the most polished Man of his Time) composed ...
Famous quotes containing the words greece and rome, greece and, rome and/or greece:
“All that grave weight of America
Cancelled! Like Greece and Rome.
The future in ruins!”
—Louis Simpson (b. 1923)
“It was modesty that invented the word philosopher in Greece and left the magnificent overweening presumption in calling oneself wise to the actors of the spiritthe modesty of such monsters of pride and sovereignty as Pythagoras, as Plato.”
—Friedrich Nietzsche (18441900)
“The old world stands serenely behind the new, as one mountain yonder towers behind another, more dim and distant. Rome imposes her story still upon this late generation.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
“Tell Greece that her spring has been taken out of her year.”
—Herodotus (c. 484424 B.C.)