PIC is a family of modified Harvard architecture microcontrollers made by Microchip Technology, derived from the PIC1650 originally developed by General Instrument's Microelectronics Division. The name PIC initially referred to "Peripheral Interface Controller".
PICs are popular with both industrial developers and hobbyists alike due to their low cost, wide availability, large user base, extensive collection of application notes, availability of low cost or free development tools, and serial programming (and re-programming with flash memory) capability. They are also commonly used in educational programming as they often come with the easy to use 'pic logicator' software.
Read more about PIC Microcontroller: Core Architecture, Family Core Architectural Differences, Device Variants and Hardware Features, History, PIC Clones, Development Tools, Device Programmers, PICKit 2 Open Source Structure and Clones, Part Number Suffixes
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... An L in the name indicates the part will run at a lower voltage, often with frequency limits imposed ... Parts designed specifically for low voltage operation, within a strict range of 3 - 3.6 volts, are marked with a J in the part number ...