Persian (local name: فارسی farsi or Parsi) is an Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. "The official language of Iran/Persia is sometimes called Farsi/Parsi in English and other languages. This is a transliteration of the native name of the language, however many, including the ISO and the Academy of Persian Language and Literature, prefer the name Persian for the language. Some speakers use the older local name: Parsi (پارسی parsi )." "The name Persian derives from the province of Pārs (modern Fārs) in southwestern Iran."
Persian is primarily spoken in Iran/Persia, Afghanistan (as Dari since 1958 due to political reasons), Tajikistan (as Tajik due to political reasons by the USSR), and countries which historically came under Persian influence. The Persian language is classified as a continuation of Middle Persian, the official religious and literary language of Sassanid Persia, itself a continuation of Old Persian, the language of the Persian Empire in the Achaemenid era. Persian is a pluricentric language and its grammar is similar to that of many contemporary European languages.
Persian has ca. 110 million native speakers, holding official status respectively in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. For centuries Persian has also been a prestigious cultural language in Central Asia, South Asia, and Western Asia.
Persian has had a considerable, mainly lexical influence on neighboring languages, particularly the Turkic languages in Central Asia, Caucasus, and Anatolia, neighboring Iranian languages, as well as Armenian, and Indo-Aryan languages, especially Urdu. It also exerted some influence on Arabic, particularly Iraqi Arabic and Khuzestani Arabic, while borrowing much vocabulary from it after the Muslim conquest of Persia.
With a long history of literature in the form of Middle Persian before Islam, Persian was the first language in Muslim civilization to break through Arabic’s monopoly on writing, and the writing of poetry in Persian was established as a court tradition in many eastern courts. Some of the famous works of Persian literature are the Shahnameh of Ferdowsi, works of Rumi (Molana), Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, Divan of Hafiz and poems of Saadi.
Other articles related to "persian language, persian, languages, persian languages, persians, language":
... See also List of English words of Persian origin, List of French loanwords in Persian, and Iranian languages#Comparison table of the Iranian languages While having a lesser ... Persian loanwords of Arabic origin especially include Islamic terms ... The Arabic vocabulary in other Iranic, Turkic and Indic languages are generally understood to be have been copied from New Persian ...
... was a great scholar and had deep knowledge of Arabic and Persian languages ... His father was also a good poet of Persian language ... Karan is best known for his book Insha-i-Har Karan written in Persian language during the last days of Jahangir and early days of Shah Jahan ...
... Although Persians adopted the religion of their conquerors, over the centuries they worked to protect and revive their distinctive language and culture, a process known as Persianization ... Most of those behind the movement were Persian, but references to Egyptians, Berbers and Aramaeans are attested ... races and nations, the movement was primarily concerned with preserving Persian culture and protecting Persian identity, though within a Muslim context ...
... Jafar Shahidi (Persian سید جعفر شهیدی) (1918 – 13 January 2008) was a notable scholar of Persian language and literature and a renowned historian of Islam ... on Dehkhoda encyclopedic dictionary and Mohammad Moin dictionary of Persian language ... President of the International Center of Teaching Persian Language ...
... the Ummah, and saw the rise of Arabic as the new language of literature and learning ... logic, and mechanics, and helped to revive the Persian language by coining new words. 1072 CE) whose dictionary represented an attempt to standardize the Persian language ...
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