Oil Tanker

An oil tanker, also known as a petroleum tanker, is a merchant ship designed for the bulk transport of oil. There are two basic types of oil tankers: the crude tanker and the product tanker. Crude tankers move large quantities of unrefined crude oil from its point of extraction to refineries. Product tankers, generally much smaller, are designed to move petrochemicals from refineries to points near consuming markets.

Oil tankers are often classified by their size as well as their occupation. The size classes range from inland or coastal tankers of a few thousand metric tons of deadweight (DWT) to the mammoth ultra large crude carriers (ULCCs) of 550,000 DWT. Tankers move approximately 2,000,000,000 metric tons (2.2×109 short tons) of oil every year. Second only to pipelines in terms of efficiency, the average cost of oil transport by tanker amounts to only two or three United States cents per 1 US gallon (3.8 L).

Some specialized types of oil tankers have evolved. One of these is the naval replenishment oiler, a tanker which can fuel a moving vessel. Combination ore-bulk-oil carriers and permanently moored floating storage units are two other variations on the standard oil tanker design. Oil tankers have been involved in a number of damaging and high-profile oil spills. As a result, they are subject to stringent design and operational regulations.

Read more about Oil TankerHistory, Size Categories, Chartering, Fleet Characteristics, Current Structural Design, Cargo Operations, Special-use Oil Tankers, Pollution, See Also

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History Of The Oil Tanker - Nobel Brothers
... It was, during the late 19th century, one of the largest oil companies in the world ... Ludvig was a pioneer in the development of early oil tankers ... He first experimented with carrying oil in bulk on single-hulled barges ...
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... Nautical portal List of tankers List of oil spills List of replenishment ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary List of Type T2 Tanker names Marine transfer operations Merchant vessel Petroleum rapid ...
List Of Industrial Disasters - Energy Industry
... March 1967 The Torrey Canyon oil supertanker was shipwrecked off the western coast of Cornwall, England, causing an environmental disaster ... This was the first major oil spill at sea ... March 16, 1978 The Amoco Cadiz, an oil tanker owned by the company Amoco (now merged with BP) sank near the Northwest coasts of France, resulting in the spilling of 68,684,000 US Gallons of crude oil (1,635,000 ...
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... National Railway MV Vacationland for Canadian National Railway Windsolite Imperial Oil tanker Dal-housie City a local passenger vessel Saskadoc - large bulk carrier Bruce Hudson - oil tanker Makaweli - tanker ... John Misener - bulk laker built as Scott Misner and renamed 1954 Texaco Brave - oil tanker Blue Cross Blue River Transtream - tanker Translate Steamship Valley Camp - lake ... Gleet) - tanker Valley Camp - self loader Texaco Warrior - oil tanker Scott Misener 1951 - bulker laker and renamed John E F Misner 1954 John O ...
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