Object Permanence

Object permanence is the understanding that objects continue to exist even when they cannot be seen, heard, or touched. This is a fundamental concept studied in the field of developmental psychology, the subfield of psychology that addresses the development of infants' and children's social and mental capacities. There is not yet scientific consensus on when the understanding of object permanence emerges in human development. Some researchers contend that it is acquired within the first two years of life, while others believe that it is an innate or built-in understanding present at birth.

Jean Piaget, the Swiss psychologist who first studied object permanence in young infants, argued that object permanence is one of an infant's most important accomplishments, as without this concept, objects would have no separate, permanent existence. In Piaget's theory of cognitive development infants develop this understanding by the end of the "sensorimotor stage," which lasts from birth to about two years of age. Piaget thought that an infant's perception and understanding of the world depended on their motor development, which was required for the infant to link visual, tactile and motor representations of objects. According to this view, it is through touching and handling objects that infants develop object permanence.

Read more about Object PermanenceEarly Research, Stages, Contradicting Evidence, Object Permanence in Animals, Recent Studies

Other articles related to "object permanence, objects, object":

Criticisms of Embodied Cognition - Infants As Models of Embodied Cognition
... cognition may not represent embodied cognition since infants develop object permanence of objects they can see before they develop object permanence with objects they can touch ... would have to first physically engage with an object to understand object permanence ...
Piaget's Theory Of Cognitive Development - Nature of Intelligence: Operative and Figurative Intelligence - Sensorimotor Stage
... In this stage according to Piaget, the development of object permanence is one of the most important accomplishments at the sensorimotor stage ... (Object permanence is a child’s understanding that objects continue to exist even though they cannot be seen or heard) ... Three primary reflexes are described by Piaget sucking of objects in the mouth, following moving or interesting objects with the eyes, and closing of the hand when an object makes contact with the palm (palmar ...
... is thought by developmental psychologists to demonstrate an infant's inability to understand object permanence ... Object permanence is an important stage of cognitive development for infants ... In early sensorimotor stages, the infant is completely unable to comprehend object permanence ...
Object Permanence - Recent Studies
... One of the areas of focus on object permanence has been how physical disabilities (blindness and deafness) and intellectual disabilities (Down syndrome ... However, object permanence was still acquired similarly because it was not related to social interaction ... Some psychologists believe that 'while object permanence alone may not predict communicative achievement, object permanence along with several other sensorimotor milestones, plays a ...
Bird Intelligence - Studies - Object Permanence
... been demonstrated to fully comprehend the concept of object permanence at a young age ... was placed in without the macaw seeing, along with another container and multiple objects, were spread upon a table simultaneously ...

Famous quotes containing the words permanence and/or object:

    Two principles, according to the Settembrinian cosmogony, were in perpetual conflict for possession of the world: force and justice, tyranny and freedom, superstition and knowledge; the law of permanence and the law of change, of ceaseless fermentation issuing in progress. One might call the first the Asiatic, the second the European principle.
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    The opinion which is fated to be ultimately agreed to by all who investigate, is what we mean by the truth, and the object represented in this opinion is the real. That is the way I would explain reality.
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