Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island (i/ˈnɔrfək ˈaɪlənd/; Norfuk: Norfuk Ailen) is a small island in the Pacific Ocean located between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia, 1,412 kilometres (877 mi) directly east of mainland Evans Head, and about 600 kilometres (370 mi) from Lord Howe Island. The island is part of the Commonwealth of Australia, but it enjoys a large degree of self-governance. Together with two neighbouring islands, it forms one of Australia's external territories.

Originally colonised by East Polynesians, Norfolk Island was colonised by Britain as part of its settlement in Australia in 1788. It then served as a convict penal settlement until 1794, when it was abandoned until 1856, when permanent residence on the island for civilians began and it was settled from Pitcairn. In 1901, the island became a part of the Commonwealth of Australia which it has remained until this day.

The evergreen Norfolk Island pine is a symbol of the island and thus pictured on its flag (see illustration). Native to the island, the pine is a key export industry for Norfolk Island, being a popular ornamental tree on mainland Australia, where two related species grow, and also in Europe.

Read more about Norfolk Island:  Geography, Demographics, Culture, Government and Politics, Economy and Infrastructure

Other articles related to "norfolk island, island, islands, norfolk":

Norfolk Island - Economy and Infrastructure - Transport
... waterways, ports or harbours on the island ... The jetty on the leeward side of the island is often used ... There is one airport, Norfolk Island Airport ...
List Of Towns In Norfolk Island
... There are several settlements on Norfolk Island they are all either towns or hamlets ... There are no cities on Norfolk Island ... states Australia East Timor (Timor-Leste) Fiji Indonesia Kiribati Marshall Islands Federated States of Micronesia Nauru New Zealand Palau Papua New Guinea Samoa ...
Commonwealth Heritage List - Protected Sites - Outlying Territories - Norfolk Island
... Area (Commonwealth Tenure Area), Kingston Nepean Island Reserve, off Kingston Phillipinsel, Kingston Arched Building, Longridge Bumbora Reserve, Cresswell Bay Hundred Acres Reserve, Rocky Point Point Ross Reserve ...
Transport In Norfolk Island - Geography - Environment - Fauna
... As a relatively small and isolated oceanic island, Norfolk has few land birds but a high degree of endemicity among them ... as a result of massive clearance of the island’s native vegetation of subtropical rainforest for agriculture, hunting and persecution as agricultural pests ... Extinctions include that of the endemic Norfolk Kākā and Norfolk Ground Dove along with endemic subspecies of pigeon, starling, triller, thrush and boobook owl ...
Abutilon Julianae
... shrub of the genus Abutilon believed endemic to Norfolk Island and nearby Phillip Island ... It was first recorded on Norfolk Island in 1792 by convict artist John Doody, and on Phillip Island by Ferdinand Bauer in 1804-05 where he collected the type ... It appears not to have been recorded on Phillip Island after 1804-05 and on Norfolk Island was last seen about 1912 ...

Famous quotes containing the word island:

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    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)