NKVD

The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), abbreviated NKVD (НКВД listen) was the public and secret police organization of the Soviet Union that directly executed the rule of power of the All Union Communist Party, including political repression, during the era of Joseph Stalin.

The NKVD contained the regular, public police force of the USSR (including traffic police, firefighting, border guards and archives) but is better known for the activities of the Gulag and the Main Directorate for State Security (GUGB), which eventually became the Committee for State Security (KGB). It conducted mass extrajudicial executions, ran the Gulag system of forced labor camps, suppressed underground resistance, conducted mass deportations of entire nationalities and Kulaks to unpopulated regions of the country, guarded state borders, conducted espionage and political assassinations abroad, was responsible for influencing foreign governments, and enforced Stalinist policy within communist movements in other countries.

Read more about NKVDHistory and Structure, NKVD Activities

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List Of Soviet Union Divisions 1917–1945 - NKVD Divisions
... Not intended for front line combat, NKVD Internal Troops were used to guard borders, secure railways, and combat elements such as the Ukrainian Insurgent Army that ... to regular divisions of the Red Army, and others were grouped into a field NKVD army that was later re-numbered as the 70th Army. 1st NKVD Rifle Division (RD) — *9.41 at Mga, with Northwestern and Leningrad Fronts ...
NKVD Buildings
... NKVD buildings in former Soviet Union - during the first years of the Soviet Union the NKVD took over a number of existing buildings, many building were also constructed for offices ...
Mikhail Mikhalkov - Biography
... In 1940 he graduated from a School of NKVD Border Troops ... In September 1941 he served in the NKVD Special Section (counterintelligence which later became SMERSH) of the Southwestern Front under Mikhail Kirponos and was taken a POW after ... on the position of German troops as well as to convey that he is in fact a Soviet NKVD officer, brother of the author of the National Anthem of the Soviet Union, Sergei Mikhalkov ...
NKVD Activities - Soviet Economy
... other functions of the labor camps were part of the Soviet planned economy, and the NKVD had its own production plans ... The most unusual part of the NKVD's achievements was its role in Soviet science and arms development ... After World War II, the NKVD coordinated work on Soviet nuclear weaponry, under the direction of General Pavel Sudoplatov ...
Lilia Estrin Dallin - Early Life
... I am a dynamic person, I need action." When NKVD agents broke into the Institute and stole Trotsky's papers, on November 6, 1936, a number of Trotskyists began to suspect that she, along with Mark ... circumstances in March 1938, his mistress accused Lilia of being an NKVD agent and causing his death ... Zborowski were the innocent victims of NKVD slanders ...