A night fighter (also known as all-weather fighter or all-weather interceptor for a period of time post-World War II) is a fighter aircraft adapted for use at night or in other times of bad visibility. Night fighters began to be used in World War I and included types that were specifically modified to operate at night.
During World War II, night fighters were either purpose-built or "day" fighters modified to be effective night fighting combat aircraft, often employing radar or other systems for providing some sort of detection capability in low visibility. As the size of these systems fell in relation to the size of the average fighter, the need for a separate aircraft to fill this role generally disappeared. In the immediate post-World War II era, night fighters were redesignated as "all-weather" combat aircraft. Modern multirole fighters are capable of filling the night fighter role with no modifications.
Other articles related to "night fighter, fighter, fighters, night":
... A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat ... German day and night fighter pilots claimed roughly 70,000 aerial victories during World War II, 25,000 over British or American and 45,000 over Russian flown aircraft. 103 German fighter pilots shot down more than 100 enemy aircraft for a total of roughly 15,400 aerial victories ...
... In early 1943 the heavy fighters of the Nachtgeschwadern, NJG 1 among them, were also being used against the increasingly heavy raids by the daylight bombers of the US 8th Air Force ... However, most night fighter crews had little experience of day combat techniques, and the missions inevitably saw a steady attrition of these specialist, highly trained crews ... By the start of 1943, almost all NJG 1's fighters were equipped with radar and the Nachtgeschwadern were inflicting ever higher losses on Bomber Command (Lent had claimed his 50th kill in January) ...
... Germany also provided some night fighter support against the Soviet attacks ... The Germans had also based a night fighter unit, consisting of 12 Bf 109G-6 nightfighters in Helsinki on 12 February 1944 and the German night fighter ...
... The Fighter Interception Unit (FIU) was a special interceptor aircraft unit of the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the Second World War ... The Fighter Interception Unit was initially set up to evaluate technological advances such as airborne interception (A.I.) equipment (an on-board ... daytime practice interceptions and operational night defence flights ...
Famous quotes containing the words fighter and/or night:
“A pleasant smell of frying sausages
Attacks the sense, along with an old, mostly invisible
Photograph of what seems to be girls lounging around
An old fighter bomber, circa 1942 vintage.”
—John Ashbery (b. 1927)
“As long as skies are blue, and fields are green
Evening must usher night, night urge the morrow,
Month follow month with woe, and year wake year to sorrow”
—Percy Bysshe Shelley (17921822)