National Monuments of The United States - List of National Monuments - National Monuments

National Monuments

National Monument Name Photo Agency Location Date Established Description
Admiralty Island USFS Alaska
01978-12-01December 1, 1978 Occupying most of Admiralty Island, the 7th largest in the United States, this monument is part of Tongass National Forest in the Alaska Panhandle. It has a large population of grizzly, black, and brown bears, as well as whales, mountain goats, and deer. Most of the monument has been declared the Kootznoowoo Wilderness, restricting future development. The Greens Creek mine lies within the monument.
African Burial Ground NPS New York
02006-02-27February 27, 2006 Re-discovered in 1991 during excavations for a new federal building, this former burial ground that contains the remains of more than 400 free and enslaved Africans buried during the 17th and 18th centuries was designated a National Historic Landmark memorial in 1993.
Agate Fossil Beds NPS Nebraska
01997-06-14June 14, 1997 The valley of the Niobrara River is known for its large number of well-preserved Miocene mammal fossils which date from about 20 million years ago.
Agua Fria BLM Arizona
02000-01-11January 11, 2000 Located around the canyon of the Agua Fria River, it contains more than 450 distinct Native American structures, including large pueblos with more than 100 rooms.
Alibates Flint Quarries NPS Texas
01965-08-21August 21, 1965 Alibates was the quarry site for high-quality, rainbow-hued flint that was distributed throughout the Great Plains in pre-Columbian times. It is jointly operated with the Lake Meredith National Recreation Area and includes the ruins of several Plains Village Indian dwellings.
Aniakchak NPS Alaska
01978-12-01December 1, 1978 Mount Aniakchak, which erupted 3,500 years ago, and the surrounding region make up one of the least visited NPS sites. Surprise Lake, within the volcano's 6-mile (9.7 km) wide, 2,500-foot (760 m) deep caldera, is the source of the Aniakchak River.
Aztec Ruins NPS New Mexico
01923-01-24January 24, 1923 The ruins contain Pueblo structures from the 11th to 13th centuries with more than 400 masonry rooms which were misidentified by early American settlers as Aztec. It lies within the World Heritage Site of Chaco Culture National Historical Park.
Bandelier NPS New Mexico
01916-02-11February 11, 1916 A historic district, Bandelier contains Frijoles Canyon, which contains Ancestral Pueblo homes, kivas, rock paintings and petroglyphs.
Booker T. Washington NPS Virginia
01956-04-02April 2, 1956 The Booker T. Washington National Monument preserves portions of the 207-acre (0.84 km2) tobacco farm on which educator and civil rights leader Booker T. Washington was born into slavery on April 5, 1856. The site contains replicas of the house Washington was born in, a smokehouse, a blacksmith shed, a tobacco barn, and a horse barn.
Buck Island Reef NPS US Virgin Islands
01961-12-28December 28, 1961 Most of this 19,000-acre (77 km2) monument is underwater, containing a large elkhorn coral barrier reef that provides cover for a great variety of reef fish, sea turtles and Least Terns. It is based around Buck Island, an uninhabited 176-acre (0.71 km2) island.
Cabrillo NPS California
01913-10-14October 14, 1913 This monument commemorates the landing of Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo at San Diego Bay on September 28, 1542, which was the first European expedition on what later became the west coast of the U.S. The monument includes a statue of Cabrillo and 16th-century coastal artillery batteries built to protect the harbor of San Diego from enemy warships.
California Coastal BLM California
02000-01-11January 11, 2000 This monument ensures the protection of all islets, reefs and rock outcroppings from the coast of California to a distance of 12 nautical miles (22 km), along the entire 840-mile (1,350 km) long California coastline.
Canyon de Chelly NPS Arizona
01931-04-01April 1, 1931 Located within the boundaries of the Navajo Nation, it preserves the valleys and rims of the canyons of de Chelly, del Muerto, and Monument, all of which are Navajo Tribal Trust Lands.
Canyons of the Ancients BLM Colorado
02000-06-09June 9, 2000 Surrounding Hovenweep National Monument, it preserves and protects more than 6,000 archeological sites, the largest concentration in the U.S.
Cape Krusenstern NPS Alaska
01978-12-01December 1, 1978 Co-located with the NHLD Cape Krusenstern Archeological District, this coastal plain contains large lagoons and rolling hills of limestone. The bluffs record thousands of years of change in the shorelines of the Chukchi Sea, as well as evidence of some 9,000 years of human habitation.
Capulin Volcano NPS New Mexico
01916-08-09August 9, 1916 Capulin is an extinct cinder cone volcano that is approximately 59,000 years old and part of the Raton-Clayton Volcanic Field. The crater is 400 feet (120 m) deep and its rim is more than 1,500 feet (460 m) in diameter.
Carrizo Plain BLM California
02001-01-12January 12, 2001 Carrizo Plain is the largest single native grassland remaining in California. It contains part of the San Andreas Fault and is surrounded by the Temblor Range and the Caliente Range. At the center of the plain is Soda Lake, which is near Painted Rock.
Casa Grande Ruins NPS Arizona
01918-08-03August 3, 1918 This monument preserves a group of structures surrounded by a compound wall in the Gila Valley that were built in the early 13th century. They were inhabited by the Hohokam people until they were abandoned in the mid-15th century.
Cascade–Siskiyou BLM Oregon
02000-06-09June 9, 2000 One of the most diverse ecosystems found in the Cascade Range, it has more than 100 dwelling and root-gathering sites belonging to the Modoc, Klamath, and Shasta tribes.
Castillo de San Marcos NPS Florida
01924-10-15October 15, 1924 This Spanish fort near St. Augustine, called Fort Marion when first protected, served for 205 years under four different flags. Built in 1672, it was involved in sieges with the British while under Spanish command, the American Revolution under Britain, the Civil War under the Confederacy, and the Seminole Wars and the Spanish-American War under the United States.
Castle Clinton NPS New York
01946-08-12August 12, 1946 A circular sandstone fort built in 1811 at the southern tip of Manhattan to protect New York City from the British, Castle Clinton is now located in Battery Park. It later became a beer garden, a theater, the first immigration station (predating Ellis Island), and a public aquarium.
Cedar Breaks NPS Utah
01933-08-22August 22, 1933 A natural amphitheater canyon similar to formations at Bryce Canyon National Park, it stretches over 3 miles (4.8 km) and is more than 2,000 feet (610 m) deep.
César E. Chávez NPS California
02012-10-08October 8, 2012 This monument commemorates the life and work of labor leader and civil right activist Cesar Chavez. Called La Paz, the site was Chavez's home for about 20 years, and his gravesite is on the premises. It is also the location of the headquarters of United Farm Workers, which was founded by Chavez.
Chimney Rock USFS Colorado
02012-09-21September 21, 2012 The jewel of San Juan National Forest, the site was once home to the ancestors of the modern Pueblo Indians. Roughly 1,000 years ago, the Ancestral Pueblo People built more than 200 homes and ceremonial buildings high above the valley floor.
Chiricahua NPS Arizona
01924-04-18April 18, 1924 These pillars of rhyolite tuff are the eroded remains of an immense volcanic eruption that shook the region some 27 million years ago. It was called the Land of the Standing-Up Rocks by the Apache.
Colorado NPS Colorado
01911-05-24May 24, 1911 Monument Canyon runs the width of the park and includes rock formations formed by erosion. The monument includes 20,500 acres (83 km2) of semi-desert land high on the Colorado Plateau and has a wide range of wildlife including pinyon pines, juniper trees, ravens, jays, Desert Bighorn Sheep, and coyotes as well as a range of recreational activities.
Craters of the Moon NPS, BLM Idaho
01924-05-02May 2, 1924 One of the best preserved flood basalt areas in the continental U.S. contains three lava fields along the Great Rift of Idaho as well as the world's deepest open rift cracks and other volcanic features.
Devils Postpile NPS California
01911-05-06May 6, 1911 Once part of Yosemite National Park, this monument is a dark cliff of columnar basalt created by a lava flow at least 100,000 years ago. It also has the 101-foot (31 m)-high Rainbow Falls.
Devils Tower NPS Wyoming
01906-09-24September 24, 1906 The tower is a monolithic igneous intrusion of volcanic neck rising dramatically 1,267 feet (386 m) above the surrounding terrain. Proclaimed by Theodore Roosevelt, this was the first national monument.
Dinosaur NPS Colorado, Utah
01915-10-04October 4, 1915 This sandstone and conglomerate bed, known as the Morrison Formation, was formed in the Jurassic Period and contains fossils of dinosaurs including Allosaurus and various long-neck and long-tail sauropods.
Effigy Mounds NPS Iowa
01949-10-25October 25, 1949 This monument preserves three prehistoric sites with 206 prehistoric mounds, notable for 31 unusual mounds in the shape of mammals, birds, or reptiles.
El Malpais NPS New Mexico
01987-12-31December 31, 1987 An extremely rough, rugged lava flow covers much of the park, filling a large basin rimmed by higher sandstone that forms large, wind-carved bluffs. It has lava tube caves that stretch over 17 miles (27 km) and the Cebolla Wilderness, a forested rimrock area that features prehistoric rock art and the Zuni-Acoma Trail, an ancient Pueblo trade route.
El Morro NPS New Mexico
01906-12-08December 8, 1906 On the site of an ancient east-west trail is a great sandstone promontory with a pool of water at its base. There are inscriptions from the 17th century as well as older petroglyphs made by the Anasazi.
Florissant Fossil Beds NPS Colorado
01969-08-20August 20, 1969 Huge petrified redwoods and incredibly detailed fossils of ancient insects and plants reveal a very different landscape in Colorado of almost 35 million years ago in the Eocene age.
Fort Frederica NPS Georgia
01936-05-26May 26, 1936 Built by James Oglethorpe between 1736 and 1748, these remnants of a fort and town protected the southern boundary of the British colony of Georgia from Spanish raids. It was a few miles from the site of the Battle of Bloody Marsh.
Fort Matanzas NPS Florida
01924-10-15October 15, 1924 This 1740 Spanish fort guarded Matanzas Inlet, the southern mouth of the Matanzas River, which allowed access to St. Augustine. The monument is managed in conjunction with Castillo de San Marcos National Monument and also protects 100 acres (0.40 km2) of salt marsh and barrier islands.
Fort McHenry NPS Maryland
01925-03-03March 3, 1925 The only place designated a national monument and historic shrine, Fort McHenry is a star-shaped fort best known for its role in the War of 1812 when it successfully defended Baltimore Harbor from an attack by the British navy. It inspired Francis Scott Key to write "The Star-Spangled Banner".
Fort Monroe NPS Virginia
02011-11-01November 1, 2011 Fort Monroe National Monument spans the American story from the 17th to the 21st centuries: Captain John Smith's journeys, a haven of freedom for the enslaved during the Civil War, and a bastion of defense for the Chesapeake Bay.
Fort Ord BLM California 02012-04-20April 20, 2012 Fort Ord was an Army post from 1917 to 1994. It now has recreational trails and various wildlife.
Fort Pulaski NPS Georgia
01924-10-15October 15, 1924 In 1862 during the American Civil War, the Union Army successfully tested a rifled cannon against the defending Confederates, rendering brick fortifications obsolete. Fort Pulaski was also used as a prisoner-of-war camp during the war. The national monument includes most of Cockspur Island (containing the fort) and all of adjacent McQueens Island.
Fort Stanwix NPS New York
01935-08-21August 21, 1935 Fort Stanwix guarded a portage known as the Oneida Carrying Place during the French and Indian War. In 1768, the Treaty of Fort Stanwix was negotiated between the British and the Iroquois, which led to further hostilities. It fell into ruin and was rebuilt in the late 1970s.
Fort Sumter NPS South Carolina
01948-04-28April 28, 1948 Fort Sumter is a Third System masonry coastal fortification located in Charleston harbor, South Carolina. It is best known as the site where the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired, at the Battle of Fort Sumter. Nearby Fort Moultrie is a unit of this monument; it was made of palmetto logs and inspired the flag and nickname (Palmetto State) of South Carolina.
Fort Union NPS New Mexico
01956-04-05April 5, 1956 A frontier military post and supply depot in the late 19th century, it sat at the intersection of the Mountain and Cimarron Branches of the old Santa Fe Trail.
Fossil Butte NPS Wyoming
01972-10-23October 23, 1972 Fossil Butte preserves the 50-million-year-old Green River lake beds, the best paleontological record of tertiary aquatic communities in North America. Fossils including fish, alligators, bats, turtles, dog-sized horses, insects, and many other species of plants and animals suggest that the region was a low, subtropical, freshwater basin when the sediments accumulated, over about a 2-million-year period.
George Washington Birthplace NPS Virginia
01930-01-23January 23, 1930 Representative of 18th-century Virginia tobacco farms, this site is the birthplace and boyhood environment of George Washington. The entrance includes a Memorial Shaft obelisk of Vermont marble that is a one-tenth scale replica of the Washington Monument in Washington, D.C. Also within the monument are the historic birthplace home area, a kitchen house, and the Washington family burial ground.
George Washington Carver NPS Missouri
01943-07-14July 14, 1943 The site preserves Moses Carver's farm, which was the boyhood home of George Washington Carver, a scientist and educator who developed many uses for peanuts. It was the first national monument dedicated to an African-American and first to a non-president.
Giant Sequoia USFS California
02000-04-15April 15, 2000 The monument includes 38 of the 39 Giant Sequoia groves in the Sequoia National Forest, amounting to about half of the sequoia groves currently in existence. This includes one of the ten largest Giant Sequoias, the Boole Tree. Its two parts are around Kings Canyon and Sequoia National Parks.
Gila Cliff Dwellings NPS New Mexico
01907-11-16November 16, 1907 Located within the Gila Wilderness, the people of the Mogollon culture lived in these cliff dwellings 180 feet (55 m) above the canyon floor from the 1280s through the early 14th century. They lived in five caves with 46 rooms. Henry B. Ailman discovered them in 1878.
Governors Island NPS New York
02001-01-19January 19, 2001 From 1783 to 1966, Governors Island in New York Harbor was an Army post, and from 1966 to 1996 it was a Coast Guard installation. Located on Governors Island are Castle Williams and Fort Jay, which served as outposts to protect New York City from sea attack.
Grand Canyon-Parashant BLM, NPS Arizona
02000-01-11January 11, 2000 Located on the northern rim of the Grand Canyon, this diverse landscape includes an array of scientific and historic resources. About 20,000 of the monument's 1,017,000 acres (4,120 km2) are also within Lake Mead National Recreation Area; Grand Canyon-Parashant is not considered an official NPS unit. There are no paved roads or visitor services.
Grand Portage NPS Minnesota
01960-01-27January 27, 1960 The Grand Portage itself is an 8.5-mile (13.7 km) footpath which bypasses a set of waterfalls on the Pigeon River near Lake Superior. The region was a vital trade route and center of fur trade activity as well as an Anishinaabeg Ojibwe heritage site.
Grand Staircase-Escalante BLM Utah
01996-09-18September 18, 1996 Preserving 1,900,000 acres (7,700 km2), the monument consists of the Grand Staircase, the Kaiparowits Plateau, and the Canyons of the Escalante. It is notable for its paleontological finds and geology, and it was the first monument to be maintained by the Bureau of Land Management.
Hagerman Fossil Beds NPS Idaho
01988-11-18November 18, 1988 This monument contains the largest concentration of Hagerman Horse fossils in North America. It protects the world's richest known fossil deposits from the late Pliocene epoch, 3.5 million years ago. These plants and animals represent the last glimpse of time that existed before the Ice Age, and the earliest appearances of modern flora and fauna.
Hanford Reach FWS Washington
02000-06-08June 8, 2000 Created from what used to be the security buffer surrounding the Hanford Nuclear Reservation, this area has been untouched by development or agriculture since 1943. The area is part of the Columbia River Plateau, formed by basalt lava flows and water erosion, and is named after the Hanford Reach, the last free flowing section of the Columbia River.
Hohokam Pima NPS Arizona
01972-10-21October 21, 1972 Hohokam Pima is part of the Gila River Indian Community and not open to the public. The monument preserves the Snaketown-Settlement, archeological remains of the Hohokam culture, which lived in the area until 1500.
Homestead NPS Nebraska
01936-03-19March 19, 1936 Daniel Freeman's homestead was recognized by the United States Congress as the first homestead in the nation obtained through the Homestead Act of 1862. The monument contains a visitor center, a tract of tallgrass prairie, and the Freeman School.
Hovenweep NPS Colorado, Utah
01923-03-02March 2, 1923 Hovenweep contains six clusters of Native American ruins. Holly Canyon, Hackberry Canyon, Cutthroat Castle and Goodman Point are in Colorado and Square Tower and Cajon are in Utah. Ancient Pueblo Peoples lived in the Hovenweep area from 1150 to 1350.
Ironwood Forest BLM Arizona
02000-06-09June 9, 2000 Located within the Sonoran Desert, significant concentrations of ironwood (Olneya tesota) trees and two endangered animal and plant species are found within the monument. More than 200 Hohokam and Paleoindian archeological sites have been identified from between 600 and 1450 AD
Jewel Cave NPS South Dakota
01908-02-07February 7, 1908 Jewel Cave is the second longest cave in the world, with about 141 miles (227 km) of mapped passageways. In the Black Hills, it was discovered in 1900 and is so named because of its calcite crystals.
John Day Fossil Beds NPS Oregon
01974-10-26October 26, 1974 Located within the John Day River Basin, the Fossil Beds have a well-preserved, complete record of fossil plants and animals from more than 40 of the 65 million years of the Cenozoic Era. The monument is divided into three units: Painted Hills, named for its delicately colored stratifications; Sheep Rock; and Clarno. Blue Basin is a volcanic ash bowl transformed into claystone by eons of erosion, colored pastel blue by minerals.
Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks BLM New Mexico
02001-01-17January 17, 2001 Kasha-Katuwe is known for its geology of layers of volcanic rock and ash deposited by a volcanic explosion. Over time, weathering and erosion of these layers has created canyons and tent rocks. The tent rocks themselves are cones of soft pumice and tuff beneath harder caprocks.
Lava Beds NPS California
01925-11-21November 21, 1925 This is the site of the largest concentration of lava tube caves in North America. It also includes Petroglyph Point, one of the largest panels of Native American rock art. The monument lies on the northeast flank of the Medicine Lake Volcano, the largest volcano in the Cascade Range.
Little Bighorn Battlefield NPS Montana
01940-07-01July 1, 1940 This monument includes the 1876 Battle of the Little Bighorn between George Armstrong Custer's 7th Cavalry and a combined Lakota-Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho force, Custer National Cemetery, and the Reno-Benteen Battlefield.
Marianas Trench Marine FWS Northern Mariana Islands, Guam
02009-01-06January 6, 2009 Covering over 95,000 square miles (250,000 km2), this marine monument includes the waters and submerged lands of the three northernmost islands of the Mariana Archipelago, the submerged lands of 22 designated volcanic sites, and the Mariana Trench.
Misty Fjords USFS Alaska
01978-12-01December 1, 1978 Located within the Tongass National Forest and called The Yosemite of the North for its similar geology, it also contains the Quartz Hill molybdenum deposit, possibly the largest such mineral deposit in the world. Throughout the monument is light-colored granite, about 50 to 70 million years old (Eocene Epoch to Cretaceous Period), that has been sculpted by glaciers that gouged deep U-shaped troughs.
Montezuma Castle NPS Arizona
01906-12-08December 8, 1906 Montezuma Castle features well-preserved cliff dwellings built and used by the Pre-Columbian Sinagua people around 1400 AD. Several Hopi clans trace their roots to the area, which is not connected to Montezuma. The monument also includes the Montezuma Well, which has been used for irrigation since the 8th century.
Mount St. Helens USFS Washington
01982-08-27August 27, 1982 Following the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, this area was set aside for research, recreation, and education. The environment is left to respond naturally to the disturbance.
Muir Woods NPS California
01908-01-09January 9, 1908 Part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, it protects one of the last old growth Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) groves in the San Francisco Bay Area as well as one of the most easily accessed.
Natural Bridges NPS Utah
01908-04-16April 16, 1908 Located at the junction of White Canyon and Armstrong Canyon, it is part of the Colorado River drainage. It features the second- and third-largest natural bridges in the world, carved from the white Triassic sandstone of the Cedar Mesa Formation that gives White Canyon its name.
Navajo NPS Arizona
01909-03-20March 20, 1909 This monument preserves three of the most intact cliff dwellings of the Ancestral Puebloan people, the Anasazi. The monument is high on the Shonto plateau, overlooking the Tsegi Canyon system in the Navajo Nation in Northern Arizona.
Newberry USFS Oregon
01990-11-05November 5, 1990 Located within Deschutes National Forest, the monument protects the area around the Newberry Volcano and its geologic features. It contains over 50,000 acres (200 km2) of lakes, lava flows, and other geologic features.
Ocmulgee NPS Georgia
01936-12-23December 23, 1936 Ocmulgee preserves traces of more than 10 millennia of native Southeastern culture, including Mississippian mounds. From Ice Age hunters to the Creek Indians of historic times, there is evidence of at least 10,000 years of human habitation. Between 900 and 1150, an elite society supported by skillful farmers lived on this site near the Ocmulgee River.
Oregon Caves NPS Oregon
01909-07-12July 12, 1909 The monument is known for its marble caves, as well as for the Pleistocene jaguar and grizzly bear fossils found in the deeper caves. There are four primary buildings: The Oregon Caves Chateau, The Ranger Residence, The Chalet, and the old Dormitory.
Organ Pipe Cactus NPS Arizona
01937-04-13April 13, 1937 This monument is the only place in the United States where the Organ Pipe Cactus grows wild. There are many other types of cacti and desert flora native to the Sonoran Desert. The Bates Well Ranch and Dos Lomitas Ranch are also within the monument.
Pacific Remote Islands Marine FWS US Minor Outlying Islands south-southwest of Hawaii 02009-01-06January 6, 2009 The marine monument consists of Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Palmyra Atoll, and Wake Island, which are in the Pacific southwest of Hawaii.
Papahānaumokuākea Marine NOAA, FWS Hawaii, US Minor Outlying Islands
02006-06-15June 15, 2006 Encompassing 140,000 square miles (360,000 km2) of ocean waters and 10 islands and atolls of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands including Midway, it is the largest Marine Protected Area in the world. It is larger than 46 states as well as 7 times larger than all other national marine sanctuaries combined.
Petroglyph NPS New Mexico
01990-06-27June 27, 1990 This monument protects a variety of cultural and natural resources, including five volcanic cones, hundreds of archeological sites and an estimated 25,000 images carved by native peoples and early Spanish settlers. It lies on West Mesa, a volcanic basalt escarpment.
Pinnacles NPS California
01908-01-16January 16, 1908 Known for the namesake eroded leftovers of half of an extinct volcano, it is popular for its rock climbing.
Pipe Spring NPS Arizona
01923-05-31May 31, 1923 Rich with American Indian, early explorer and Mormon pioneer history, this site shows Ancestral Puebloans and Kaibab Paiute Indian and pioneer life in the Old West, including the cabin where explorer John Wesley Powell's survey crew stayed in 1871. The water of Pipe Spring, discovered in 1858, made it possible for plants, animals, and people to live in this dry desert region.
Pipestone NPS Minnesota
01937-08-25August 25, 1937 This monument preserves traditional catlinite quarries used to make ceremonial peace pipes, vitally important to traditional Plains Indian culture. The quarries are sacred to the Sioux and Sioux and were neutral territory where all tribes could quarry the stone.
Pompeys Pillar BLM Montana
01966-10-15October 15, 1966 Pompeys Pillar is a 150-foot (46 m) sandstone pillar from the late Cretaceous Hell Creek Formation next to the Yellowstone River. It has an abundance of Native American petroglyphs, as well as the signature of William Clark, who named the formation after Sacagawea's infant son.
Poverty Point NPS Louisiana
01988-10-31October 31, 1988 Poverty Point is a prehistoric archeological site that dates from between 1650 and 700 BC and consisting of six earthen rings and seven mounds. The diameter of the outside ridge is 0.75 miles (1.21 km), and the largest mound rises 51 feet (16 m).
Prehistoric Trackways BLM New Mexico
02009-03-30March 30, 2009 Prehistoric Trackways contains fossilized footprints of numerous Paleozoic amphibians, reptiles, and insects, as well as fossilized plants and petrified wood dating back approximately 280 million years. (Public Law No. 111-11)
President Lincoln's Cottage at the Soldiers' Home AFRH District of Columbia
02000-07-07July 7, 2000 President Abraham Lincoln and his family resided seasonally on the grounds of the United States Soldiers' and Airmen's Home, which was founded in 1851 for homeless and disabled war veterans. The home is co-managed by the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
Rainbow Bridge NPS Utah
01910-05-30May 30, 1910 Rainbow Bridge is one of the world's largest natural bridges. It stands 290 feet (88 m) tall and spans 275 feet (84 m) wide; the top of the bridge is 42 feet (13 m) thick and 33 feet (10 m) wide. It was made from sandstone formed during the Triassic and the Jurassic periods.
Rose Atoll Marine FWS American Samoa
02009-01-06January 6, 2009 This marine monument consists of the two small islands of Rose Atoll, a lagoon, and a coral reef east of American Samoa. It is the southernmost point in the U.S..
Russell Cave NPS Alabama
01961-05-11May 11, 1961 Donated by the National Geographic Society, the cave's exceptionally large main entrance was used as a shelter by prehistoric Indians from the earliest known human settlement in the southeastern United States. The rock from which Russell Cave was formed over 300 million years ago at the bottom of an inland sea that covered the region.
Salinas Pueblo Missions NPS New Mexico
01909-11-01November 1, 1909 Formerly known as Gran Quivira National Monument, it is where Native American trade communities of Tiwa- and Tompiro-speaking Puebloans lived when Spanish Franciscan missionaries made contact in the 17th century. What remains are the ruins of four mission churches, at Quarai, Abó, and Gran Quivira, and the partially excavated pueblo of Las Humanas.
Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains BLM, USFS California
02000-10-24October 24, 2000 This monument preserves large portions of the Santa Rosa and San Jacinto ranges, the northernmost of the Peninsular Ranges. Parts are within San Bernardino National Forest and the California Desert Conservation Area.
Scotts Bluff NPS Nebraska
01919-12-12December 12, 1919 Scotts Bluff is an important 19th century geologic formation and landmark on the Oregon Trail and Mormon Trail. It contains multiple bluffs on the south side of the North Platte River, but it is named after a prominent bluff called Scotts Bluff which rises more than 830 feet (250 m) above the plains at its highest point. The monument is composed of five rock formations named Crown Rock, Dome Rock, Eagle Rock, Saddle Rock, and Sentinel Rock.
Sonoran Desert BLM Arizona
02001-01-17January 17, 2001 This monument protects a small portion of the Sonoran Desert. It is home to several federally-listed endangered species and also has three wilderness areas, many significant archeological and historic sites, and remnants of several important historic trails.
Statue of Liberty NPS New York, New Jersey
01924-10-15October 15, 1924 This iconic statue, built in 1886 on Liberty Island and 151 feet (46 m) tall, commemorates the centennial of the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence and is a gesture of friendship from France to the U.S. Liberty Enlightening the World is a symbol of welcoming immigrants to the U.S. and is listed as a World Heritage Site. Ellis Island, where 12 million immigrants entering the U.S. passed through, is included in the monument.
Sunset Crater Volcano NPS Arizona
01930-05-30May 30, 1930 Sunset Crater is the youngest in a string of volcanoes in the San Francisco volcanic field that is related to the nearby San Francisco Peaks. Final volcanic activity in the 13th century painted the upper portion of the cone with bright red and orange rocks, giving the volcano its name.
Timpanogos Cave NPS Utah
01922-10-14October 14, 1922 The Timpanogos cave system is in the Wasatch Range in the American Fork Canyon. Three main chambers are accessible: Hansen Cave, Middle Cave, and Timpanogos Cave. Many colorful cave features or speleothems can be seen, including helictites, cave bacon, cave columns, flowstone, cave popcorn, and cave drapery.
Tonto NPS Arizona
01907-10-21October 21, 1907 Lying on the northeastern edge of the Sonoran Desert along the Salt River, Tonto preserves two cliff dwellings that were occupied by the Salado culture during the 13th to 15th centuries. The monument is surrounded by Tonto National Forest.
Tuzigoot NPS Arizona
01939-07-25July 25, 1939 Tuzigoot preserves a two- to three-story pueblo ruin on the summit of a limestone and sandstone ridge in the Verde Valley. It was built by the Sinagua people between 1125 and 1400.
Upper Missouri River Breaks BLM Montana
02001-01-17January 17, 2001 A series of badland areas characterized by rock outcroppings, steep bluffs and grassy plains along the 149-mile (240 km) Upper Missouri National Wild and Scenic River in central Montana, The Breaks is home to at least 60 mammal species and hundreds of bird species. Charles Marion Russell often painted here, and Lewis and Clark traveled on this pathway.
Vermilion Cliffs BLM Arizona
02000-11-09November 9, 2000 Steep eroded escarpments consisting primarily of sandstone, siltstone, limestone and shale rise as much as 3,000 feet (910 m) above their base. These sedimentary rocks have been deeply eroded for millions of years, exposing hundreds of layers of richly colored rock strata. The monument protects Paria Plateau, Vermilion Cliffs, Coyote Buttes and Paria Canyon.
Virgin Islands Coral Reef NPS US Virgin Islands
02001-01-17January 17, 2001 These coral reefs, sandy bottoms, seagrass beds, and mangrove forests are in a 3-mile (4.8 km) belt that surrounds St John, VI.
Walnut Canyon NPS Arizona
01915-11-30November 30, 1915 Walnut Canyon protects 25 cliff dwelling rooms constructed by the Sinagua people. It lies on the Colorado Plateau and cuts through the Permian Kaibab Limestone, which exposes the Toroweap Formation and Coconino Sandstone.
White Sands NPS New Mexico
01933-07-25July 25, 1933 Located in the mountain-ringed Tularosa Basin valley area, White Sands consists of the southern part of a 275 square miles (710 km2) field of white sand dunes composed of gypsum crystals. It is completely within the White Sands Missile Range and is subject to closure when tests are conducted.
World War II Valor in the Pacific NPS, FWS Hawaii, Alaska, California 02008-12-05December 5, 2008 Valor in the Pacific encompasses nine sites in three states associated with World War II: The Attack on Pearl Harbor, including the USS Arizona, Utah, and Oklahoma memorials in Hawaii; the Aleutian Islands Campaign on Attu Island, Kiska Island, and Atka Island in Alaska; and the Japanese American internment at Tule Lake War Relocation Center in California.
Wupatki NPS Arizona
01924-12-09December 9, 1924 Many settlement sites built by the Sinagua, Cohonina, and Kayenta Anasazi are scattered throughout the monument. About 2000 Ancient Pueblo People moved here to farm after an 11th century eruption of Sunset Crater.
Yucca House NPS Colorado
01919-12-19December 19, 1919 Designated a research national monument, it is a large, unexcavated Ancestral Puebloan archeological site. The site is one of many Anasazi (Ancestral Pueblo) village sites located in the Montezuma Valley occupied between AD 900 and 1300.

Read more about this topic:  National Monuments Of The United States, List of National Monuments

Other articles related to "national monuments, national, national monument":

History Of The National Park Service - Reorganization of 1933 - National Monument Line III, 1907-1933; Department of Agriculture
... Between 1907 and 1933, six presidents proclaimed 21 National Monuments on National Forest lands administered by the U.S ... included in Lassen Volcanic National Park Cinder Cone, Calif. 3, 1950), in 1986, Great Basin National Park was created including Wheeler Peak ...
List Of National Park Service Areas In Tennessee - National Monuments - Decommissioned National Monuments
... Name Established Disbanded Result Papago Saguaro National Monument January 31, 1914 April 7, 1930 Transferred to Arizona now jointly operated by the cities of Phoenix and Tempe Lewis and Clark Cavern National ... Old Kasaan National Monument October 25, 1916 July 26, 1955 Transferred to United States Forest Service Castle Pinckney National Monument August 10 ...
Provincial Heritage Site (South Africa)
... concerned and which are for this reason declared in terms of Section 27 of the National Heritage Resources Act (NHRA)or legislation of the applicable province ... of the Act on 1 April 2000 when all former national monuments declared by the former National Monuments Council and its predecessors became provincial heritage sites as provided for in Section 58 of the Act ... Both provincial and national heritage sites are protected under the terms of Section 27 of the NHRA or legislation of the relevant province and a permit is required to work on ...
Sports In Wyoming - Geography - Public Lands - National Monuments
... Devils Tower National Monument Fossil Butte National Monument. ...

Famous quotes containing the words monuments and/or national:

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