N-Formylmethionine

N-Formylmethionine

N-Formylmethionine (fMet) is a proteinogenic amino acid. It is a derivative of the amino acid methionine in which a formyl group has been added to the amino group. It is specifically used for initiation of protein synthesis from bacterial and organellar genes, and may be removed post-translationally.

fMet plays a crucial part in the protein synthesis of bacteria, mitochondria and chloroplasts. It is not used in cytosolic protein synthesis of eukaryotes, where eukaryotic nuclear genes are translated. It is also not used by Archaea. In the human body, fMet is recognized by the immune system as foreign material and stimulates the body to fight against potential infection.

Read more about N-Formylmethionine:  Function in Protein Synthesis, Relevance To Immunology

Other related articles:

N-Formylmethionine - Relevance To Immunology
... Polymorphonuclear cells can bind proteins starting with N-Formylmethionine, and use them to initiate phagocytosis ...