Mulla Sadra

Mulla Sadra

Ṣadr ad-Dīn Muḥammad Shīrāzī, also called Mulla Sadrā (Persian: ملا صدرا‎; also spelt Molla Sadra, Mollasadra or Sadr-ol-Mote'allehin; Persian: صدرالمتألهین‎) (c. 1572–1640), was an Iranian Shia Islamic philosopher, theologian and ‘Ālim who led the Iranian cultural renaissance in the 17th century. According to Oliver Leaman, Mulla Sadra is arguably the single most important and influential philosopher in the Muslim world in the last four hundred years.

Though not its founder, he is considered the master of the Illuminationist, or (Ishraghi or Ishraqi) school of Philosophy, a seminal figure who synthesized the many tracts of the Islamic Golden Age, and Andalusian, philosophies into what he called the Transcendent Theosophy or al-hikmah al-muta’liyah.

Mulla Sadra brought "a new philosophical insight in dealing with the nature of reality" and created "a major transition from essentialism to existentialism" in Islamic philosophy, although his existentialism should not be too readily compared to Western existentialism. His was a question of existentialist cosmology as it pertained to Allah, and thus differs considerably from the individual, moral, and/or social, questions at the heart of Russian, French, German, or American Existentialism.

Mulla Sadra's philosophy ambitiously synthesized Avicennism, Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi's Illuminationist philosophy, Ibn Arabi's Sufi metaphysics, and the theology of the Ash'ari school and Twelvers.

Read more about Mulla SadraBiography, List of Known Works, Further Reading

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Safavid Dynasty - Culture - The Isfahan School – Islamic Philosophy Revived
... See also School of Isfahan, Mulla Sadra, Mir Damad, Mir Fendereski, Shaykh Bahai, and Mohsen Fayz Kashani Islamic philosophy flourished in the Safavid era in what scholars commonly refer to ... apogee with that of the Iranian philosopher Mulla Sadra who is arguably the most significant Islamic philosopher after Avicenna ... Mulla Sadra has become the dominant philosopher of the Islamic East, and his approach to the nature of philosophy has been exceptionally influential up ...
Hadi Sabzavari - Works
... For philosophy in the reign of Nasir al-Din Shah Qajar (1848–1896), he was what Mulla Sadra had been in the reign of Shah Abbas I ... He was also the faithful interpreter of Mulla Sadra and Transcendent Theosophy ... He played a part in making Mulla Sadra the 'master thinker' of the Iranian philosophers ...
Transcendent Theosophy
... al-muta’li (حكمت متعالي), the doctrine and philosophy developed by Persian philosopher Mulla Sadra is one of two main disciplines of Islamic philosophy that is currently live and active ... This school of Mulla Sadra in Islamic philosophy is usually called al-hikmat al-muta’liyah ... for his school, not only for historical reasons, but also because the doctrines of Mulla Sadra are both hikmah or theosophy in its original sense and an intellectual vision of the transcendent which leads to ...
Mulla Sadra - Further Reading
... Rahman, Fazlur, The Philosophy of Mulla Sadra, Albany State University of New York Press, 1975 ... Rizvi, Sajjad, Mulla Sadra Shirazi His Life, Works and Sources for Safavid Philosophy, Oxford Oxford University Press, 2007 ... Jambet, Christian, The Act of Being The Philosophy of Revelation in Mulla Sadra, Trans ...
Transcendent Theosophy - Existentialism
... A concept that lies at the heart of Mulla Sadra's philosophy is the idea of "existence precedes essence", a key foundational concept of existentialism which was not ... Sayyid Jalal Ashtiyani later summarizes Mulla Sadra's concept as follows "The existent being that has an essence must then be caused and existence that is pure existence.. ... is therefore a Necessary Being." For Mulla Sadra, "existence precedes the essence and is thus principle since something has to exist first and then have an essence ...