Morpheme

In linguistics, a morpheme is the smallest semantic unit in a language. The field of study dedicated to morphemes is called morphology. A morpheme is not identical to a word, and the principal difference between the two is that a morpheme may or may not stand alone, whereas a word, by definition, is a freestanding unit of meaning. Every word comprises one or more morphemes.

Read more about MorphemeMorphological Analysis, Changing Definitions of Morpheme

Other articles related to "morpheme, morphemes":

Synthetic Languages
... typology, a synthetic language is a language with a high morpheme-per-word ratio, as opposed to a low morpheme-per-word ratio in what is described ... This linguistic classification is largely independent of morpheme-usage classifications (such as fusional, agglutinative, etc.), although there is a common tendency for agglutinative ...
Cranberry Morpheme
... In linguistic morphology, a cranberry morpheme (or fossilized term) is a type of bound morpheme that cannot be assigned a meaning or a grammatical function but nonetheless serves to ...
Apophony - Replacive Morphemes
... on sound alternations treats the phenomena not as merely alternation but rather a "replacive" morpheme that replaces part of a word ... goose/geese may be thought of as goose being the basic form where -ee- is a replacive morpheme that is substituted for oo ... goose → g-ee-se This usage of the term morpheme (which is actually describing a replacement process, and not a true morpheme), however, is more in keeping with Item-and-Process ...
Changing Definitions of Morpheme
... In generative grammar, the definition of a morpheme depends heavily on whether syntactic trees have morphemes as leafs or features as leafs ... to semantics mapping Leafs in syntactic trees spell out morphemes Distributed morphology – leafs are morphemes Branches in syntactic trees spell out morphemesRadical Minimalism and Nanosyntax -leafs are "nano" morpho ... The definition of morphemes also play a significant role in the interfaces of generative grammar in the following theoretical constructs Event semantics The idea that each productive ...
Morphonology - Isolation Forms
... The isolation form of a morpheme is the form in which that morpheme appears in isolation (when not subject to the effects of any other morpheme) ... In the case of a bound morpheme, such as the English past tense ending "-ed", it will generally not be possible to identify an isolation form, since such a morpheme does ... It is often reasonable to assume that the isolation form of a morpheme provides its underlying representation ...