The Mongol invasion of Europe in the 13th century involved the destruction of East Slavic principalities, such as Kiev and Vladimir, the invasion of the Kingdom of Hungary (in the Battle of Mohi) and fragmentation of Poland (in the Battle of Legnica). The operations were masterminded by General Subutai and commanded by Batu Khan and Kadan, both grandsons of Genghis Khan. As a result of the successful invasions, many of the conquered territories would become part of the Golden Horde empire.
Historians have debated the macrohistorical importance of the Mongols' Eastern European campaigns. Most military historians believe they were essentially diversions, meant to frighten the Western powers to keep them out of the Mongol affairs in the east of Europe, specifically in Rus'. For the Mongols, the European invasions were only a third theater of operations, after the Middle East and Song China.
Read more about Mongol Invasion Of Europe: Invasions and Conquest of Rus' Lands, Invasion Into Central Europe, European Tactics Against Mongols, Mongol Diffusion of Chinese Gunpowder To Europe, End of The Mongol Advance
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