Mishneh Torah

The Mishneh Torah (Hebrew: מִשְׁנֶה תּוֹרָה‎, "Repetition of the Torah") subtitled Sefer Yad HaHazaka (ספר יד החזקה "Book of the Strong Hand,") is a code of Jewish religious law (Halakha) authored by Maimonides (Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, also known as RaMBaM or "Rambam"), one of history's foremost rabbis. The Mishneh Torah was compiled between 1170 and 1180 (4930-4940), while Maimonides was living in Egypt, and is regarded as Maimonides' magnum opus. Accordingly, later sources simply refer to the work as "Maimon", "Maimonides" or "RaMBaM", although Maimonides composed other works.

Mishneh Torah consists of fourteen books, subdivided into sections, chapters, and paragraphs. It is the only Medieval-era work that details all of Jewish observance, including those laws that are only applicable when the Holy Temple is in existence, and remains an important work in Judaism.

Its title is an appellation originally used for the Biblical book of Deuteronomy, and its subtitle, "Book of the Strong Hand," derives from its subdivision into fourteen books: the numerical value fourteen, when represented as the Hebrew letters Yod (10) Dalet (4), forms the word yad ("hand").

Maimonides intended to provide a complete statement of the Oral Law, so that a person who mastered first the Written Torah and then the Mishneh Torah would be in no need of any other book. Contemporary reaction was mixed, with strong and immediate opposition focusing on the absence of sources and the belief that the work appeared to be intended to supersede study of the Talmud. Maimonides responded to these criticisms, and the Mishneh Torah endures as an influential work in Jewish religious thought. According to several authorities, a decision may not be rendered in opposition to a view of Maimonides, even where he apparently militated against the sense of a Talmudic passage, for in such cases the presumption was that the words of the Talmud were incorrectly interpreted. Likewise: "One must follow Maimonides even when the latter opposed his teachers, since he surely knew their views, and if he decided against them he must have disapproved their interpretation."

Read more about Mishneh Torah:  Origin, Sources, and Language, Language and Style, The Books and Sections, Printed Editions and Textual Accuracy, English Translations

Other articles related to "mishneh torah, torah, mishneh":

Mishneh Torah - English Translations
... has an annotated English translation - 29 printed volumes are now available, including the whole Mishneh Torah ... Excerpted translation by Philip Birnbaum "Maimonides' Mishneh Torah Yad Hazakah", Hebrew Pub ... The Yale Judaica series edition of the Mishneh Torah is almost complete ...
Dor Daim - Similarities and Differences With Other Groups - Talmide Ha-Rambam
... Talmide ha-Rambam tend to hold that the Mishneh Torah is the sole binding codification of Talmudic law, and that every divergence from it is logically inferior if not actually illegitimate ... include his encyclopedic commentary to the entire Mishneh Torah set to the renowned Yemenite text of the Mishneh Torah, his translation of all of ... the Ḥumash, Tanakh, Mishnah, the Talmudic texts, as well as the Mishneh Torah according to Rabbi Qafiḥ and its own accurate and scholarly text, intended to be ...
Heresy In Judaism - Mishneh Torah - One Who Denies Torah
... Three peoples who can be classified as 'One Who Denies Torah' One who denies that even one verse or one word of Torah is from God ... who say "Moses made these statements independently" One who denies Torah's interpretation, the oral law or disputes the authority of its spokesmen as did ...
Dor Daim - Criticisms
... The Mishneh Torah is comprehensive in scope and is, at the very least, one of the authoritative sources of halakha, so to follow it must be an acceptable way of doing Judaism ... the Dor Daim assert nothing that is not found within the four corners of the Mishneh Torah, and the Mishneh Torah cannot be interpreted as actually requiring belief in anything approaching Zoharic or Lurianic Kabbalah ... than code law, and needs to be interpreted in each generation otherwise the Mishneh Torah could simply have been handed down as part of the written Torah ...
David Ben Solomon Ibn Abi Zimra - Works
... Divrei David ("Words of David") — containing decisions and chiddushim (original Torah thoughts) on Maimonides' Mishneh Torah, published by Joseph Zamiro ... of Excellency") — containing answers to the criticisms of Abraham ben David on Maimonides' Mishneh Torah and commentaries on those passages in that work which the Maggid Mishneh of Vidal of Tolosa ... Shivim Panim la-Torah ("Seventy Faces to the Torah") — the latter two works are mentioned in the preface of Magen David ...