Militant Tendency

The Militant tendency, originally the Revolutionary Socialist League, was a Trotskyist entryist group within the British Labour Party based around the Militant newspaper which was first published in 1964. According to Michael Crick, its politics were influenced by Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky and "virtually nobody else".

In 1982, a Labour Party commission found Militant in contravention of clause II, section 3 of the party's constitution, and declared it ineligible for affiliation to the Labour Party. In 1983, the five members of the Editorial Board of the Militant newspaper were expelled from the Labour Party. At this point the group claimed internally to have about 4,300 members, a figure which may be generous.

Militant played a leading role in Liverpool City Council between 1983 and 1987 when 47 councillors were banned and surcharged. From 1983, a series of moves led by the Labour Party's National Executive Committee and leader Neil Kinnock led to the expulsion of prominent members of the group, and the eventual loss of Militant's three Labour MPs. These actions ended Militant's influence within the Party.

Between 1989 and 1991 Militant led the All-Britain Anti-Poll Tax Federation's non-payment campaign against the Community Charge ('poll tax'). In 1991, Militant decided by a large majority to abandon entryism in the Labour Party. Ted Grant, once the group's most important member, was expelled, and his breakaway minority, now known as Socialist Appeal, continued with the entryist strategy. The majority changed its name to Militant Labour, and then in 1997 to the Socialist Party.

Read more about Militant Tendency:  Origins, Early Editions of Militant, The Poll Tax, The Open Turn

Other articles related to "militant tendency, militant":

Labour Party Young Socialists - Militant Tendency Leadership
... drew support from all regions to counter the entryist tactics of the Militant Tendency ... However, during the late 1960s the Militant Tendency began to win significant numbers of resolutions at the annual LPYS national conference ... In 1969, resolutions moved by Militant supporters won majorities on all issues except for the question of the United Nations, and in 1970 all resolutions moved by Militant supporters were passed, although of ...
Peter Taaffe
... Taaffe was the founding editor of the Militant newspaper in 1964, and became known as a leader of the Militant tendency ... Taaffe was expelled from the Labour Party in 1983, along with other members of Militant's editorial board, Ted Grant, Keith Dickinson, Lynn Walsh and Clare Doyle ... Council of 1983-87, according to the council's deputy leader Derek Hatton, in the formation of the Militant tendency's policy regarding the Poll Tax in 1988-1991, and ...
Militant Tendency - The Open Turn
... In April 1991 the Militant tendency decided to support the setting up of Scottish Militant Labour, an independent organisation in Scotland, which was to see ... At the same time, the Militant tendency decided to support independent Broad Left candidates in Liverpool standing against the official Labour Party ... in May 1991, and the Broad Left decided to stand Militant supporter Lesley Mahmood as the candidate of "Real Labour" ...
Peter Taaffe - Expulsion From The Labour Party
... In the 1980s, after a period of growth in the 1970s, the Militant tendency became the most prominent Trotskyist organisation in Britain ... in two books by Peter Taaffe The Rise of Militant and Liverpool - A City That Dared to Fight (with Tony Mulhearn) ... the Labour Party under Michael Foot and especially Neil Kinnock moved to purge Militant from the party ...
Militant Labour - History
... The Socialist Party was formerly the Militant tendency of the Labour Party, grouped around the Militant newspaper, which was founded in 1964 and described itself as the "Marxist ... In the 1980s, the Militant tendency was dominant in the Labour group of Liverpool City Council, which came into conflict with the Conservative-led ... Militant's battles in Liverpool and against the poll tax involved defiance of what it regarded as iniquitous laws ...

Famous quotes containing the words tendency and/or militant:

    This tendency to consider only bombings or picking up the gun as revolutionary, with the glorification of the heavier the better, we’ve called the military error.
    Bernardine Dohrn (b. 1942)

    We find the most terrible form of atheism, not in the militant and passionate struggle against the idea of God himself, but in the practical atheism of everyday living, in indifference and torpor. We often encounter these forms of atheism among those who are formally Christians.
    Nicolai A. Berdyaev (1874–1948)