Mikhail Botvinnik


Mikhail Botvinnik

Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik, PhD (Russian: Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник, ) (August 17 1911 – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and three-time World Chess Champion. Working as an electrical engineer and computer scientist at the same time, he was one of the very few famous chess players who achieved distinction in another career while playing top-class competitive chess. He was also a pioneer of computer chess.

Botvinnik was the first world-class player to develop within the Soviet Union (Alekhine was a top player before the Russian Revolution), putting him under political pressure but also giving him considerable influence within Soviet chess. From time to time he was accused of using that influence to his own advantage, but the evidence is unclear and some suggest he resisted attempts by Soviet officials to intimidate some of his rivals.

Botvinnik also played a major role in the organization of chess, making a significant contribution to the design of the World Chess Championship system after World War II and becoming a leading member of the coaching system that enabled the Soviet Union to dominate top-class chess during that time. His famous pupils include World Champions Anatoly Karpov, Garry Kasparov and Vladimir Kramnik.

Read more about Mikhail BotvinnikEarly Years, Soviet Champion, World Title Contender, World Champion, Team Tournaments, Late Career, Political Controversies, Notable Chess Games, Tournament Results

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Comparison Of Top Chess Players Throughout History - Statistical Methods - Chessmetrics
2847 Anatoly Karpov, 2820 Anatoly Karpov, 3 ... Mikhail Botvinnik, 2871 José Capablanca, 2843 Anatoly Karpov, 2821 Emanuel Lasker, 2816 Emanuel Lasker, 4 ... José Capablanca, 2866 Mikhail Botvinnik ... Fischer 2886 ... Garry Kasparov 2885 ... Mikhail Botvinnik 2878 ... Emanuel Lasker 2877 ... José Capablanca 2860 ... Alexander Alekhine 2848 ... Anatoly Karpov 2833 ... Viswanathan Anand 2826 ... Vladimir Kramnik 10 2826 ...
Mikhail Botvinnik - Tournament Results - Match Results
... Here are Botvinnik's results in matches. 6 World title 1958 Vasily Smyslov Won Moscow 12½ / 23 +7 =11 -5 Rematch 1960 Mikhail Tal Lost Moscow 8½ / 21 +2 =13 -6 World title 1961 Mikhail Tal Won Moscow 13 / 21 +10 ...
Samuel Reshevsky - Outstanding Match Player, and Rivalry With Fischer
... against the USSR, held in Moscow, and defeated world champion Mikhail Botvinnik over four games, winning one and drawing three ... mid-1950s, around the time when he defeated world champion Mikhail Botvinnik in their four-game mini-match, which was the top board of the USA vs USSR team match held in Moscow ... He defeated seven World Champions Lasker, José Raúl Capablanca, Alexander Alekhine, Max Euwe, Mikhail Botvinnik, Vasily Smyslov, and Bobby Fischer ...
List Of Chess Openings Named After People - List of Chess Openings Named After People
... Gambit – 1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 Ne7 – named after Mikhail Bonsch-Osmolovsky Botvinnik System of the Semi-Slav Defense – 1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Nf3 c6 5.Bg5 dxc4 6.e4 b5 – named after Mikhail Botvinnik ...
Grigory Levenfish - Notable Chess Games
... a co-Soviet champion from 1927, who had Botvinnik's number in their rivalry ... Grigory Levenfish vs Mikhail Botvinnik, Leningrad-Moscow match 1937, Grunfeld Defence (D83), 1-0 Levenfish played some of the best chess of his life in this match, which wound up all square after 13 ... Mikhail Botvinnik vs Grigory Levenfish, Leningrad-Moscow match 1937, Slav Defence (D10), 0-1 Botvinnik can prove no advantage and in fact suffers ...