Medieval Medicine

Medieval medicine in Western Europe was composed of a mixture of existing ideas from antiquity, spiritual influences and what Claude Lévi-Strauss identifies as the "shamanistic complex" and "social consensus." In this era, there was no tradition of scientific medicine, and observations went hand-in-hand with spiritual influences.

In the early Middle Ages, following the fall of the Roman Empire, standard medical knowledge was based chiefly upon surviving Greek and Roman texts, preserved in monasteries and elsewhere. Ideas about the origin and cure of disease were not, however, purely secular, but were also based on a world view in which factors such as destiny, sin, and astral influences played as great a part as any physical cause. The efficacy of cures was similarly bound in the beliefs of patient and doctor rather than empirical evidence, so that remedia physicalia (physical remedies) were often subordinate to spiritual intervention.

Read more about Medieval Medicine:  Influences, The Medieval System, Theories of Medicine, The Hospital System, Later Developments

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Medieval Medicine - Later Developments
... High medieval surgeons like Mondino de Liuzzi pioneered anatomy in European universities and conducted systematic human dissections ... Unlike pagan Rome, high medieval Europe did not have a complete ban on human dissection ... Medieval church authorities believed that public bathing created an environment open to immorality and disease ...

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