Medical Research

Biomedical research (or experimental medicine), in general simply known as medical research, is the basic research, applied research, or translational research conducted to aid and support the body of knowledge in the field of medicine. Medical research can be divided into two general categories: the evaluation of new treatments for both safety and efficacy in what are termed clinical trials, and all other research that contributes to the development of new treatments. The latter is termed preclinical research if its goal is specifically to elaborate knowledge for the development of new therapeutic strategies. A new paradigm to biomedical research is being termed translational research, which focuses on iterative feedback loops between the basic and clinical research domains to accelerate knowledge translation from the bedside to the bench, and back again. Medical research may involve doing research on public health, biochemistry, clinical research, microbiology, physiology, oncology, surgery and research on many other non-communicable diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.

The increased longevity of humans over the past century can be significantly attributed to advances resulting from medical research. Among the major benefits have been vaccines for measles and polio, insulin treatment for diabetes, classes of antibiotics for treating a host of maladies, medication for high blood pressure, improved treatments for AIDS, statins and other treatments for atherosclerosis, new surgical techniques such as microsurgery, and increasingly successful treatments for cancer. New, beneficial tests and treatments are expected as a result of the Human Genome Project. Many challenges remain, however, including the appearance of antibiotic resistance and the obesity epidemic.

Most of the research in the field is pursued by biomedical scientists, however significant contributions are made by other biologists, as well as chemists and physicists. Medical research, done on humans, has to strictly follow the medical ethics as sanctioned in the Declaration of Helsinki and elsewhere. In all cases, the research ethics has to be respected.

Read more about Medical Research:  Preclinical Research, Clinical Trials, Funding, Regulations and Guidelines, Fields of Research

Other articles related to "medical research, medical, research":

Charles Kellaway - Biography - World War II Service and International Coordination of Research
... say that by the start of World War II, Charles Kellaway was the most prominent medical research figure in Australia, and – alongside Burnet and Eccles – amongst the most well ... Having rejoined the Army Medical Directorate first as an honorary Lieutenant Colonel and Director of Hygiene (1939–40), and then honorary Colonel and Director of Pathology (1940–42), Kellaway was also ... USA, Canada and the UK in order to facilitate inter-Allied collaboration on wartime medical research ...
Scientific Imperialism - Medical Research
... Medical doctor Peter Wilmshurst has used the term to describe "poor people in developing countries...being exploited in research for the benefit of patients in the developed ... scientists, and informants disagree...research efforts are (often) perceived as scientific imperialism scientists are accused of stealing plant materials and appropriating traditional plant knowledge for ... well as indigenous societies are increasingly reluctant to permit such research...historically neither native populations nor host countries have shared to a significant extent the financial benefits from any drug ...
Tatsuji Nomura - Development of Comprehensive Animal Experimentation Systems
... assure reproducibility of experimental results in medical research ... or even impossible to obtain reproducible results in medical research using laboratory animals, mainly due the traditional consensus that the animals are ... He has completely changed this out-dated paradigm in medical research by establishing comprehensive animal experimentation systems ...
Thomas Lewis (cardiologist)
... a Doctor of Science (DSc) degree from the University of Wales for his research work ... still a house physician, Lewis began physiological research, carrying out fundamental research on the heart, the pulse and blood pressure ... at the Military Heart Hospital in Hampstead and was appointed to the first full-time clinical research post in Britain, at the Medical Research Committee (late ...
Medical Research - Fields of Research
... Fields of biomedical research include Public Health Epidemiology Preventive medicine Behavioral health Cancer Aging Endocrinology Neuroendocrinology Diabetes Cellular biology Molecular biology ...

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