Marine Protected Area
Marine protected areas, like any protected area, are regions in which human activity has been placed under some restrictions in the interest of conserving the natural environment, its surrounding waters and the occupant ecosystems, and any cultural or historical resources that may require preservation or management. Marine protected areas' boundaries will include some area of ocean, even if it is only a small fraction of the total area of the territory.
Natural or historic marine resources are protected by local, state, territorial, native, regional, or national authorities and may differ substantially from nation to nation. This variation includes different limitations on development, fishing practices, fishing seasons and catch limits, moorings, bans on removing or disrupting marine life of any kind.
In some situations (such as with the Phoenix Islands Protected Area), MPAs also provide revenue for countries, often of equal size as the income that they would have if they were to grant companies permissions to fish.
As of 2010, the world hosted more than 5,880 MPAs, encompassing 1.17% of the world's oceans.
Marine protected areas are included on the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA), which, since 2010 is viewable via Protected Planet, an online interactive search engine hosted by the United Nations Environment Programme's World Conservation Monitoring Center (UNEP-WCMC).
Other articles related to "marine protected area, area, protected, marine, marine protected areas, areas":
... In 1986, an area encompassing the Sugar Loaf Islands was protected as a marine park ... to strengthening of the protection, through the enacting of the Sugar Loaf Islands Marine Park Act in 1991 ... An area of 752.5 hectares (1,860 acres), including 5.3 hectares (13 acres) of land, encompassing the islands and surrounding seabed and ocean spanning from Port Taranaki ...
... richness, Bowie Seamount was designated as Canada's seventh Marine Protected Area on April 19, 2008 under the Oceans Act and has been described as an "Oceanic ... deep sea, a rare and ecologically rich marine area, and our government is proud to take action to ensure it is protected. 118 km (73 mi) long and 80 km (50 mi) wide, totaling an area of 6,131 km2 (2,367 sq mi) ...
... A Marine Protected Area Network is a network of Marine Protected Areas or Marine Reserves ... A Marine Protected Area Network can be deﬁned as "a collection of individual MPAs or reserves operating cooperatively and synergistically, at various spatial scales, and with a range of protection levels that are ... A Marine Protected Area Network is usually established to improve fish catch, to conserve biodiversity, or for a combination of these two reasons ...
... fish find a suitable reef it stays in the general area for the rest of its life ... We've clearly shown that fish larvae that were spawned inside marine reserves can drift with currents and replenish fished areas long distances away ... "This is a direct observation, not just a model, that successful marine reserves can sustain fisheries beyond their borders." ...
21, 2012, statistical figures provided by the SOA) Area of NSMPAs (incl ... Tianjin Dashentang Oyster Reef National Special Marine Protected Area Liaoning Dabijiashan National Special Marine Protected Area, Jinzhou Jiangsu ... Laizhou Shoal) Dengzhou Qiantan National Special Marine Protected Area, Penglai (alt ...
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