Marie Antoinette

Marie Antoinette ( /məˈriː æntwəˈnɛt/ or /æntwɑːˈnɛt/; ; baptised Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna (or Maria Antonia Josephina Johanna); 2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793), born an archduchess of Austria, was Dauphine of France from 1770 to 1774 and Queen of France and Navarre from 1774 to 1792. She was the fifteenth and penultimate child of Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and Empress Maria Theresa.

In April 1770, on the day of her marriage to Louis-Auguste, Dauphin of France, she became Dauphine of France. Marie Antoinette assumed the title of Queen of France and of Navarre when her husband, Louis XVI of France, ascended the throne upon the death of Louis XV in May 1774. After seven years of marriage, she gave birth to a daughter, Marie-Thérèse Charlotte, the first of four children.

Initially charmed by her personality and beauty, the French people generally came to dislike her, accusing "L'Autrichienne" (meaning the Austrian (woman) in French) of being profligate, promiscuous, and of harboring sympathies for France's enemies, particularly Austria, her country of origin. The Diamond Necklace incident further ruined her reputation. Although she was completely innocent in this affair, she became known as Madame Déficit.

The royal family's flight to Varennes had disastrous effects on French popular opinion, Louis XVI was deposed and the monarchy abolished on 21 September 1792; the royal family was subsequently imprisoned at the Temple Prison. Eight months after her husband's execution, Marie Antoinette was herself tried, convicted by the Convention for treason to the principles of the revolution, and executed by guillotine on 16 October 1793.

Even after her death, Marie Antoinette is often considered to be a part of popular culture and a major historical figure, being the subject of several books, films and other forms of media. Some academics and scholars have deemed her frivolous and superficial, and have attributed the start of the French Revolution to her; however, others have claimed that she was treated unjustly and that views of her should be more sympathetic.

Read more about Marie AntoinetteEarly Life, Marriage To Louis: 1770–1793, In Popular Culture, Titles From Birth To Death, Ancestry

Other articles related to "marie antoinette, marie":

Marie Antoinette - Ancestry
... Ancestors of Marie Antoinette 16 ... Nicholas II, Duke of Lorraine 8 ...
Marie Antoinette Petersén
... Marie Antoinette Petersén, (1771–1855), was a Swedish artist and singer ... Marie Antoinette Petersén, who was married to a wealthy merchant, was known as a non professional musician and singer ...
List Of The Rose Of Versailles Characters - Main Characters - Rosalie Lamorlière
... After the storming of the Bastille, the people burst into Versailles and take Marie Antoinette prisoner ... Marie Antoinette and her family are taken to a prison, where Rosalie serves the queen as a servant, telling her all she knew about Oscar ... Marie Antoinette, before the day of her execution, gives Rosalie a paper rose, and tells her to paint it with Oscar's favorite rose color ...
List Of The Rose Of Versailles Characters - Minor Characters - Duchess of Polignac
... Marie Antoinette listens to her and quickly makes her best friend ... She impelled Marie Antoinette to bet in clandestine casinos, without the permission of Marie Antoinette's husband, King Louis XVI ... Following her advice, Marie Antoinette lied and announced that the heir of France was on way ...
Marie Antoinette Queen Of France
... Marie Antoinette Queen of France (French Marie-Antoinette reine de France and also known as Shadow of the Guillotine) is a French language motion picture ...

Famous quotes containing the word marie:

    Ce corps qui s’appelait et qui s’appelle encore le saint empire romain n’était en aucune manière ni saint, ni romain, ni empire. This agglomeration which called itself and still calls itself the Holy Roman Empire was in no way holy, nor Roman, nor an empire.
    Voltaire [François Marie Arouet] (1694–1778)