The Malay or Malayan languages are a group of closely related languages spoken by Malays and related peoples across Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Southern Thailand. They have traditionally been classified as Malay, Para-Malay, and Aboriginal Malay, but this reflects geography and ethnicity rather than a proper linguistic classification.
Para-Malay includes the Malayan languages of Sumatra. They are: Minangkabau, Central Malay (Bengkulu), Pekal, Musi (Palembang), Negeri Sembilan,* and Duano’.*
Aboriginal Malay are the Malayan languages spoken by the Orang Asli (Proto-Malay) in Malaya. They are Jakun,* Orang Kanaq,* Orang Seletar,* and Temuan.*
The other Malayan languages, included in neither of these groups, are associated with the expansion of the Malays across the archipelago. They include Malaccan Malay (Malaysian and Indonesian),* Kedah Malay,* Kedayan/Brunei Malay,* Berau Malay, Bangka Malay, Jambi Malay, Kutai Malay (several languages), Loncong, and Pattani Malay.
The Malayan languages are mutually unintelligible to varying extents, though the distinction between language and dialect is unclear in many cases. According to Ethnologue 16, the varieties marked with an asterisk are so closely related that they may prove to be dialects of a single Malay language.
There are also several Malay-based creole languages, such as Betawi, Cocos Malay, and Manado Malay, which may be more or less distinct from standard (Malaccan) Malay.
Other articles related to "malay languages, malay, languages, language":
... Bahasa Melayu Pasar, or Bazaar Malay (a pidginised variety of Malay) used to be the lingua franca spoken by all races before Singapore's independence and the switch to English in 1965 ... Baba Malay, a variety of Malay Creole influenced by Hokkien and Bazaar Malay, is still spoken today by around 10,000 Peranakans in Singapore ... Historically, other Austronesian languages (sometimes called Malay dialects) used to be spoken in Singapore as well ...
... Code Name Usage btj Bacanese Malay mfb Bangka bjn Banjar bve Berau Malay kxd Brunei bvu Dayak Bukit Malay pse Central Malay coa Cocos Islands Malay liw Col dup Duano hji Haji ind Indonesian lingua franca in ... zlm Malay (individual language) xmm Manado Malay min Minangkabau lingua franca in the western coast of Aceh and North Sumatra, Indonesia mui Musi zmi Negeri Sembilan Malay ...
Famous quotes containing the word languages:
“People in places many of us never heard of, whose names we cant pronounce or even spell, are speaking up for themselves. They speak in languages we once classified as exotic but whose mastery is now essential for our diplomats and businessmen. But what they say is very much the same the world over. They want a decent standard of living. They want human dignity and a voice in their own futures. They want their children to grow up strong and healthy and free.”
—Hubert H. Humphrey (19111978)