Malay Language

Malay Language

Malay ( /məˈleɪ/; Bahasa Melayu; Jawi script: بهاس ملايو ) is a major language of the Austronesian family. It is the national language of Indonesia (as Indonesian), Malaysia (also known as Malaysian), and Brunei, and it is one of four official languages of Singapore. It is spoken natively by 40 million people across the Malacca Strait, including the coasts of the Malay Peninsula of Malaysia and the eastern coast of Sumatra in Indonesia, and has been established as a native language of part of western coastal Sarawak and West Kalimantan in Borneo. The total number of speakers of the language is more than 215 million.

As the Bahasa Kebangsaan or Bahasa Nasional (National Language) of several states, Standard Malay has various official names. In Singapore and Brunei it is called Bahasa Melayu (Malay language); in Malaysia, Bahasa Malaysia (Malaysian language); and in Indonesia, Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian language) and is designated the Bahasa Persatuan/Pemersatu ("unifying language/lingua franca"). However, in areas of central to southern Sumatra where the language is indigenous, Indonesians refer to it as Bahasa Melayu and consider it one of their regional languages.

Standard Malay, also called Court Malay, was the literary standard of the pre-colonial Malacca and Johor Sultanates, and so the language is sometimes called Malacca, Johor, or Riau Malay (or various combinations of those names) to distinguish it from the various other Malayan languages, though it has no connection to the Malay dialect of the Riau Islands. According to Ethnologue 16, several of the Malayan varieties they currently list as separate languages, including the Orang Asli varieties of Peninsular Malay, are so closely related to standard Malay that they may prove to be dialects. (These are listed with question marks in the table at right.) There are also several Malay-based creole languages which are based on a lingua franca derived from Classical Malay, as well as Makassar Malay, which appears to be a mixed language.

Read more about Malay Language:  Origin, History, Classification and Related Languages, Writing System, Extent of Use, Phonology, Grammar, Borrowed Words

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Malay Language - Examples - Basic Phrases in Malay
... However, if you're a Muslim and the Malay person you're talking to is also a Muslim, it would be more appropriate to use the Islamic greeting of ' Assalamualaikum ' ... Muslim Malays, especially in Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei, rarely use ' Selamat Pagi ' (Good Morning), 'Selamat Siang' (Good "Early" Afternoon), ' Selamat ... Malay Phrase IPA English Translation Selamat datang /səlamat dataŋ/ Welcome (Used as a greeting) Selamat jalan /səlamat dʒalan/ Have a safe journey (equivalent ...
Ministry Of Education Language Centre - Courses
... The Bishan MOELC offers the French language, German language and the Japanese language while the Newton MOELC offers the French language and the Japanese language under the Foreign ... The Malay language is not included in both as it is generally considered a mother tongue ... The Malay language courses have both a Malay (Special Programme) and a Higher Malay track for different degrees of advancement in the language ...
List Of Newspapers In Malaysia - Malay Language
... tabloid since July 6, 2008 Berita Petang Sarawak - Malay daily in Sarawak Harian Metro Harian Ekspres - Malay daily in Sarawak Kosmo! Melaka Hari Ini - Newspaper in Melaka Mingguan Wasilah Siasah ... Transisi - Malay fortnightly in East Malaysia, published by Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) ...
Malay People - Culture - Language
... Main article Malay language See also Jawi alphabet The Malay language is one of the major languages of the world and of the Austronesian family ... Variants and dialects of Malay are used as an official language in Brunei, Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore ... The language is also spoken in Thailand, Cocos Island, Christmas Island, Sri Lanka ...
Penilaian Menengah Rendah - Subjects - Malay Language
... The Malay language is a mandatory subject ... The Malay language examination consists of two papers, that is Paper One, and Paper Two ... to test the student's comprehension of the written language being tested, and lasts for one hour ...

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