Madder

Madder

Rubia is a genus of the madder family Rubiaceae, which contains about 80 species of perennial scrambling or climbing herbs and sub-shrubs native to the Old World, Africa, temperate Asia and America. The genus and its best known species are also known as Madder, Rubia tinctorum (Common Madder), Rubia peregrina (Wild Madder), and Rubia cordifolia (Munjeet or Indian Madder).

The Common Madder can grow up to 1.5 m in height. The evergreen leaves are approximately 5–10 cm long and 2–3 cm broad, produced in whorls of 4–7 starlike around the central stem. It climbs with tiny hooks at the leaves and stems. The flowers are small (3–5 mm across), with five pale yellow petals, in dense racemes, and appear from June to August, followed by small (4–6 mm diameter) red to black berries. The roots can be over a metre long, up to 12 mm thick and the source of red dyes known as rose madder and Turkey red. It prefers loamy soils (sand and clay soil) with a constant level of moisture. Madders are used as food plants for the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the Hummingbird Hawk Moth.

Read more about Madder:  Species, Uses, History

Other articles related to "madder":

Madder Rose
... Madder Rose was a New York City-based alternative rock band who recorded in the 1990s ... The name Madder Rose came from the herb-based paint rose madder ...
John Reinhard Weguelin - Artistic Style
... Weguelin's palette included "vermilion, light red, rose madder, purple madder, brown madder, yellow ochre, cadmium 1 and 2, oxide of chromium, oxide of chromium (transpare ... aureolin, cadmium orange, raw sienna, burnt sienna, purple madder, rose madder, light red, brown madder, Vandyke brown, raw umber, and flake white and occasionally vermilion, burnt umber, and lampblack." ...
Madder - History
... from India where a piece of cotton dyed with madder has been recovered from the archaeological site at Mohenjo-daro (3rd millennium BCE) ... In Viking age levels of York, remains of both woad and madder have been excavated ... The oldest European textiles dyed with madder come from the grave of the Merovingian queen Arnegundis in St ...
Leo Madder
... Leo Madder (born 18 July 1946) is a Belgian television actor ... Following this the 1980s were a quite period in Madder's career until 1990 where he once again began appearing as an actor ... Madder is probably most famous for his portrayal of the main character in the Belgian Dutch language action drama series Spoed in which he has starred in 204 episodes between 2000 and 2007 ...
Dyeing - History
... The dye used in this case was madder, which, along with other dyes such as indigo, was introduced to other regions through trade ... insect dyes such as Tyrian purple and kermes and plant-based dyes such as woad, indigo and madder were important elements of the economies of Asia and Europe ... Alizarin, the red dye present in madder, was the first natural pigment to be duplicated synthetically in 1869, a development which led to the collapse of the market for naturally grown madder ...

Famous quotes containing the word madder:

    Are we not madder than those first inhabitants of the plain of Sennar? We know that the distance separating the earth from the sky is infinite, and yet we do not stop building our tower.
    Denis Diderot (1713–1784)