Let denote the position of interest. A set of sensors acquire measurements contaminated by an additive noise owing some known or unknown probability density function (PDF). The sensors transmit measurements to a central processor. The th sensor encodes by a function . The application processing the data applies a pre-defined estimation rule . The set of message functions and the fusion rule are designed to minimize estimation error. For example: minimizing the mean squared error (MSE), .
Ideally, sensors transmit their measurements exactly to the processing center, that is . In this settings, the maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) is an unbiased estimator whose MSE is assuming a white Gaussian noise . The next sections suggest alternative designs when the sensors are bandwidth constrained to 1 bit transmission, that is =0 or 1.
Read more about this topic: Location Estimation In Sensor Networks
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