List of Benedictine Monasteries in France

List Of Benedictine Monasteries In France

This is a list of Benedictine monasteries, extant and non-extant, in the present territory of France. It includes both monks and nuns following the Rule of St. Benedict, excluding the Cistercians, for whom see List of Cistercian monasteries in France. Some monasteries however belonged at various times in their histories to both the Benedictines and the Cistercians.

At different times these religious houses have formed various orders, congregations or groups, of which the main ones, as far as French monasteries are concerned, are the following:

  • the Order of Cluny (Cluniacs)
  • the Camaldolese (now within the Benedictine Confederation)
  • the Olivetans (now within the Benedictine Confederation)
  • the Celestines (now within the Benedictine Confederation)
  • the Order of Fontevraud (Fontevristes)
  • the Congregation of Tiron
  • the Congregation of La Chaise-Dieu (Casadéens)
  • the Congregation of Saint-Victor (Victorines)
  • the Bursfelde Congregation
  • the Alsace Congregation
  • the Cassinese Congregation (now within the Benedictine Confederation)
  • the Congregation of Chezal-Benoît
  • the Congregation of the Exempts of Flanders
  • the Congregation of the Exempts of France
  • the Société de Bretagne
  • the Congregation of St. Vanne (Vannistes)
  • the Congregation of St. Maur (Mauristes)
  • the English Benedictine Congregation in exile (1612–1791)
  • the Congregation of the Allobroges
  • the Affligem group
  • the Solesmes Congregation (now within the Benedictine Confederation; formerly known as the Congrégation de France)
  • the Subiaco Congregation (now within the Benedictine Confederation)
  • the Fédération du Coeur Immaculé de Marie

The dates in brackets indicate the start and end dates of an abbey's status as a Benedictine monastery, which are not necessarily the same as the dates of its foundation or suppression. All religious houses in France were suppressed during the French Revolution, most of them in 1791. Some communities were revived, and many more new ones established, during the 19th century, but were forced to leave France by anti-clerical legislation during the 1880s (principally the Ferry Laws), and again in the first decades of the 20th century under the Association Act, 1901 (the Waldeck-Rousseau Law).

Abbeys and independent priories currently in operation are indicated by bold type.

Dependent priories are not generally noted in this list, except for a few unusually significant ones.

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