Land Reform

Land reform (also agrarian reform, though that can have a broader meaning) involves the changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership. Land reform may consist of a government-initiated or government-backed property redistribution, generally of agricultural land. Land reform can, therefore, refer to transfer of ownership from the more powerful to the less powerful:such as from a relatively small number of wealthy (or noble) owners with extensive land holdings (e.g., plantations, large ranches, or agribusiness plots) to individual ownership by those who work the land. Such transfers of ownership may be with or without compensation; compensation may vary from token amounts to the full value of the land.

Land reform may also entail the transfer of land from individual ownership — even peasant ownership in smallholdings — to government-owned collective farms; it has also, in other times and places, referred to the exact opposite: division of government-owned collective farms into smallholdings. The common characteristic of all land reforms, however, is modification or replacement of existing institutional arrangements governing possession and use of land. Thus, while land reform may be radical in nature, such as through large-scale transfers of land from one group to another, it can also be less dramatic, such as regulatory reforms aimed at improving land administration.

Nonetheless, any revision or reform of a country's land laws can still be an intensely political process, as reforming land policies serves to change relationships within and between communities, as well as between communities and the state. Thus even small-scale land reforms and legal modifications may be subject to intense debate or conflict.

Read more about Land Reform:  Land Ownership and Tenure, Arguments For and Against Land Reform, Land Reform Efforts

Other articles related to "land reform, land, lands":

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... In the annexed territories, over 50 percent of the land had belonged to Polish or Romanian landlords while approximately 75% of the Ukrainian peasants ... Starting in 1939 lands not owned by the peasants were seized and slightly less than half of them were distributed to landless peasants free of charge the rest ... The Soviet authorities then began taking land from the peasants themselves and turning it over to collective farms, which affected 13% of western Ukrainian farmland by 1941 ...
Land Reform Efforts - Oceania
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Land Reform In Vietnam
... Land reform in Vietnam was a program of land reform in North Vietnam from 1953 to 1956 ... It followed the program of land reform in China from 1946 to 1953 ... The aim of the land reform program was to break the power of the traditional village elite, to form a new class of leaders, and redistribute the wealth (mostly land) to ...
Agriculture In Ethiopia - Overview
... because of its vast areas of fertile land, diverse climate, generally adequate rainfall, and large labor pool ... of the agricultural sector was retarded by a number of factors, including tenancy and land reform problems, the government's neglect of the agricultural sector (agriculture received less ... Moreover, the emperor's inability to implement meaningful land reform perpetuated a system in which aristocrats and the church owned most of the farmland and in which ...
Land Reform In Ethiopia - Landownership Under Haile Selassie Up To The Revolution
... was granted large tracts of traditional Afar and Arsi grazing land and converted them into large-scale commercial farms ... The loss of grazing land to these concessions significantly affected traditional migration patterns for grazing and water ... Further, those attempts by the Imperial government to improve the peasant's title to their land were often met with suspicion ...

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