Kumlien's Gull

Kumlien's Gull, Larus (glaucoides) kumlieni, is a large gull which breeds in the Arctic regions of Canada. It is migratory, wintering from Labrador south to New England and west across the Great Lakes. The species is named after the Swedish-American naturalist Thure Kumlien.

It has variably been considered a full species, a subspecies of Thayer's Gull, a subspecies of Iceland Gull, and a hybrid between the aforementioned species. It is currently considered a subspecies of Iceland Gull by the American Ornithologists' Union.

This taxon breeds colonially or singly on coasts and cliffs, making a nest lined with grass, moss or seaweed on the ground or cliff. Normally, 2-3 light brown eggs are laid.

The taxon is pale in all plumages, with a remarkably variable amount of pigment in the primaries. Individuals range from completely white-winged (indistinguishable from nominate glaucoides Iceland Gull) to so much dark in the wings as to be indistinguishable from Thayer's Gull. Eye color is also variable, from pale yellow to dark brown. Such remarkable variation seems to lend credence to the belief that Kumlien's Gull is in fact a hybrid swarm.

Kumlien's Gulls average smaller overall and much smaller-billed than the very large Glaucous Gull and are usually smaller than Herring Gull. The taxon reaches adult plumage in four to five years. The call is a "laughing" cry like Herring Gull, but higher pitched.

These are omnivores like most Larus gulls, and they will scavenge as well as seeking suitable small prey. These birds forage while flying, picking up food at or just below the water's surface, also feeds while walking or swimming. Their scavenging habits lead them to frequent garbage dumps, sewage outlets and places where fish are cleaned.

Other articles related to "kumlien":

Henry W. Howgate - Howgate Preliminary Polar Expedition (1877–1878)
... The Florence crew of 13 included Ludwig Kumlien (naturalist, of the Smithsonian Institution and son of Thure Kumlien), Orray Taft Sherman (meteorologist/photographer of Yale University), and a group of ... Kumlien and Mr ...
Albion, Dane County, Wisconsin - History
... members at this school were the famed Swedish-American naturalist, Thure Kumlien, and the Norwegian-American author and diplomat, Rasmus Anderson ... The last remaining building of the academy, Kumlien Hall, was destroyed by fire in the 1960s ... The canoe, unfortunately, was destroyed in the 1960s fire of Kumlien Hall ...
Thure Kumlien - Legacy
... Thure and Margaretta Kumlien had five children (three sons and two daughters), including Augusta Kumlien (1845–1845), Aaron Ludwig Kumlien (1853–1902), Theodore V ... Kumlien (1855–?), and Frithiof Kumlien (1859–1888) ... Kumlien trained his son, Ludwig Kumlien, an ornithologist, and also Edward Lee Greene, a botanist ...
Thure Kumlien - Career
... Kumlien emigrated to the United States in 1843, accompanied by his fiancée, Margaretta Christina Wallberg, and her sister ... Often distracted by local wildlife and plants, Kumlien did not succeed at farming he supplemented his farm income with taxidermy and by collecting specimens for museums and other scientists ... Kumlien's life work constituted a rich personal herbarium and an important collection of birds ...
Akke Kumlien
... Akke Kumlien (1884–1949), Swedish calligrapher, typographer, graphic designer, type designer, artist etc ... He is the subject of the book Akke Kumlien, book designer by Bror Zachrisson ...

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