Knights Templar

The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Latin: Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Solomonici), commonly known as the Knights Templar, the Order of the Temple (French: Ordre du Temple or Templiers) or simply as Templars, were among the most famous of the Western Christian military orders. The organisation existed for nearly two centuries during the Middle Ages.

Officially endorsed by the Catholic Church around 1129, the Order became a favoured charity throughout Christendom and grew rapidly in membership and power. Templar knights, in their distinctive white mantles with a red cross, were among the most skilled fighting units of the Crusades. Non-combatant members of the Order managed a large economic infrastructure throughout Christendom, innovating financial techniques that were an early form of banking, and building fortifications across Europe and the Holy Land.

The Templars' existence was tied closely to the Crusades; when the Holy Land was lost, support for the Order faded. Rumours about the Templars' secret initiation ceremony created mistrust and King Philip IV of France, deeply in debt to the Order, took advantage of the situation. In 1307, many of the Order's members in France were arrested, tortured into giving false confessions, and then burned at the stake. Under pressure from King Philip, Pope Clement V disbanded the Order in 1312. The abrupt disappearance of a major part of the European infrastructure gave rise to speculation and legends, which have kept the "Templar" name alive into the modern day.

Read more about Knights Templar:  Organisation, Legacy

Other articles related to "knights templar, templars, templar":

Knights Templar - Legacy - Legends and Relics
... The Knights Templar have become associated with legends concerning secrets and mysteries handed down to the select from ancient times ... Rumors circulated even during the time of the Templars themselves ... Many of the Templar legends are connected with the Order's early occupation of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem and speculation about what relics the Templars may have ...
Silhouette (Deus Ex) - Knights Templar
... In Deus Ex, The Knights Templar are the descendants of the medieval order of the Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon ... By the time Deus Ex takes place, however, the Templars have been destroyed by a combined Interpol/UNATCO force headed by Joseph Manderley ...
List Of Papal Bulls
1139 (March 29) Omne Datum Optimum Innocent II Endorses the Knights Templar ... Celestine II Provides clergy protection to the Knights Templar and encourages contributions to their cause. 1145 Militia Dei ("Soldiers of God") Eugene III Allows the Knights Templar to take tithes and burial fees and to bury their dead in their own cemeteries ...
Crusade (Young Novel) - Historical Figures
... Hugues de Pairaud Visitor of the Knights Templar in France ... Guillaume de Beaujeu Grand Master of the Knights Templar from 1273 to 1291, mortally wounded during the siege of Acre ... Thibaud Gaudin Grand Commander of the Knights Templar under Guillaume de Beaujeu ...
Montmeyan - History - Middle Ages - Knights Templar
... the Lord of Blachère gives and grants the Templar church of Saint-Maurin all the cultivated and uncultivated land, the right to pasture and the water from banks of the Verdon ...

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