The Knights Hospitaller, also known as the Hospitallers, Order of Hospitallers, Knights of St John, Order of St John, and currently The Sovereign Military and Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, called of Rhodes, called of Malta, were among the most famous of the Western Christian military orders during the Middle Ages.
The Hospitallers arose as a group of individuals associated with an Amalfitan hospital in the Muristan district of Jerusalem, which was dedicated to St John the Baptist and was founded around 1023 by Blessed Gerard to provide care for poor, sick or injured pilgrims to the Holy Land. Note that other sources claim the Amalfitan order and Amalfitan hospital were different from the order of Gerard Thom and their hospital. After the Western Christian conquest of Jerusalem in 1099 during the First Crusade, the organisation became a religious and military order under its own charter, and it was charged with the care and defence of the Holy Land. Following the conquest of the Holy Land by Islamic forces, the order operated from Rhodes, over which it was sovereign, and later from Malta where it administered a vassal state under the Spanish viceroy of Sicily.
The order was weakened by Napoleon's capture of Malta in 1798 and became dispersed throughout Europe. It regained strength during the early 19th century as it repurposed itself toward humanitarian and religious causes. In 1834 the order, by this time known as the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), acquired new headquarters in Rome where it has remained since. Five contemporary, state-recognised chivalric orders which claim modern inheritance of the Hospitaller tradition all assert that the Roman Catholic SMOM is the original order, and that four non-Catholic orders stem from the same root: Protestant orders exist in Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden, and a non-denominational British revival is headquartered in the United Kingdom.
Read more about Knights Hospitaller: Foundation and Early History, Knights of Cyprus and Rhodes, Knights of Malta, Sovereign Military Order of Malta, Protestant Continuation in Continental Europe, Revival in Britain As The Venerable Order of St. John of Jerusalem, Mimic Orders
Other articles related to "knights, knights hospitaller, hospitallers, knight, hospitaller":
... In 1307 the Knights Templar were suppressed ... In County Wexford the Knights were established at one location – on the Hook Peninsula ... and a few years later, in 1312, they were granted to the Knights Hospitaller – who already had a manor in the county, probably at Ballyhoge ...
... it was established in 1213 by King John I as a community of the Knights Templar, and subsequently fell to the Knights Hospitaller, who maintained a preceptory there ... was only one of two preceptories in West Yorkshire, the other being that of the Knights Templar at Temple Newsam, and the only one established by the ... On 2 October 1447, William Lyvett (Levett) was admitted tenant to the Knights Hospitaller at Newland and preceptor of the Hospitallers' community there ...
... John of Jerusalem, Knights Hospitaller" in 1956 ... claiming that the American organization he led had been founded within the Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitaller in 1908—a spurious claim ... truth, the foundation of his organisation had no connection to the Russian tradition of the Knights Hospitaller ...
... the Schönbornerhof belonged to the knight Sir Berthold von Grumbach, a courtier of the Waldgraves of Dhaun ... bequeathed the estate to his sons, Berthold, Hartrade and Johannes, who were Knights-Hospitaller priests of the Holy House of the Hospital of Ulm ... – almost 500 Morgen (or 160 ha) – pass into the Knights Hospitaller’s ownership and become their local seat ...
... The Knights Hospitaller, established during the Crusades, were invited to Scotland in 1132 by David I ... After the suppression of the Knights Templar in 1312, their lands were transferred to the Knights Hospitaller ... Torphichen was one of many major Hospitaller sites in Britain, second only to the Priory of Clerkenwell in London, and benefited greatly from this transfer of land ...
Famous quotes containing the word knights:
“The threadbare trees, so poor and thin,
They are no wealthier than I;
But with as brave a core within
They rear their boughs to the October sky.
Poor knights they are which bravely wait
The charge of Winters cavalry,
Keeping a simple Roman state,
Discumbered of their Persian luxury.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)