Khandesh

Khandesh (Marathi/Hindi: ख़ानदेश) is a region of central India, which forms the northwestern portion of Maharashtra state.

Khandesh was the terminal territorial part under the rule of the Mughals. The Start of Deccan region demarcated by the boundary of Khandesh.

Originally The Khandesh state was founded and ruled by the Faruqi dynasty with the capital at Burhanpur. During 1388 to 1888 the Khandesh State had covered the area of the today's Jalgaon, Dhule, Nandurbar districts of Maharastra state and Burhanpur district of Madhya Pradesh state.

The terms "Khandesh" and "Deccan" thus connote historical and political affiliations, as well as geographical zones. Khandesh lies on the Northwestern corner of the Deccan plateau, in the valley of the Tapti River, and is bound to the north by the Satpura Range, to the east by the Berar (Vidarbha) region, to the south by the Hills of Ajanta, belonging to the Marathwada region of Maharashtra, and to the west by the Northernmost ranges of the Western Ghats, and beyond them the coastal plain of Gujarat.

After India's independence in 1947, Bombay province became Bombay state, which in 1960 was divided into the linguistic states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. During the formation of the State of India, Burhanpur became the part of the state Of Madhya Pradesh, and in 1960, East Khandesh became Jalgaon district, and West Khandesh became Dhule of the Maharastra State.

The principal natural feature is the Tapti River. Unlike the rest of the Deccan, whose rivers rise in the Western Ghats and flow eastward to the Bay of Bengal, the Tapti flows westward from headwaters in eastern Maharashtra to empty into the Arabian Sea. The Tapti receives thirteen principal tributaries in its course through Kandesh. None of the rivers is navigable, and the Tapti flows in a deep bed which historically made it difficult to use for irrigation. Most of Kandesh lies south of the Tapti, and is drained by its tributaries the Girna, Bori and Panjhra. The alluvial plain north of the Tapti contains some of the richest tracts in Kandesh, and the land rises towards the Satpura hills. In the centre and east the country is level, save for some low ranges of barren hills. To the north and west, the plain rises into rugged hills, thickly wooded, and inhabited by the tribal Bhil people.

Read more about Khandesh:  History, Languages, Major Cities

Other articles related to "khandesh":

Thalner - History
... time, Daulatrao, son of Bajirao of Daulatabad came to the people of Khandesh, and finding Thalner flourishing established Javaji's family as headmen of the town. 1511 Mahmud Begada granted Thalner with about one-half of Khandesh to Malik Hissamuddin a noble of his court ... But in the next year, Hissamuddin was murdered and Thalner restored to Khandesh ...
Khandesh - Major Cities
... Malegaon (comes in Nashik Dist part of old Khandesh province) Satana (comes in Nashik Dist part of old Khandesh province) Kalwan (comes in Nashik Dist part of old Khandesh province ...
Dhule District - History
... of Dhulia was previously known as West Khandesh district ... Subsequently its name was changed to Khandesh to suit the title Khan given to the Faruqi kings by King Ahmad I of Gujarat ... The names of Feudatories of Abhiras that ruled in Khandesh was found from copperplates discovered at Kalachala (Gujarath) and Cave X5II at Ajanta ...
Nikam - Rulers of Khandesh
... Raja Allashakti Nikumbha ( Nikam ), seventh-century ruler in Khandesh territory who donated land in Pimpalner village in Dhule to Brahmans to perform cultural practice ... Raja Vairdev Nikumbha ( Nikam ), eighth-century ruler in Khandesh territory who donated villages Bahal and Devagav to Nagsharman Brahman ... Nikams (NikumbhRaje) of Khandesh are descendents of old Nikumbh Dynasty ...
Kandesh
... Khandesh (Marathi/Hindi ख़ानदेश) is a region of central India, which forms the northwestern portion of Maharashtra state ... Khandesh was the terminal territorial part under the rule of the Mughals ... The Start of Deccan region demarcated by the boundary of Khandesh ...