Kangaroo Island

Kangaroo Island is Australia's third-largest island, after Tasmania and Melville Island. It lies in the state of South Australia 112 km (70 mi) south-west of Adelaide at the entrance to Gulf St Vincent. Its closest point to the mainland is 13 km (8 mi) off Cape Jervis on the tip of the Fleurieu Peninsula.

Once occupied by Australian Aborigines, the native population disappeared after the land became an island following rising sea levels several thousand years ago. It was subsequently resettled from the early 19th century onwards, at first casually by sealers and whalers, and officially from 1836.

Since then the island's economy has been principally agricultural, with a southern rock lobster fishery and with tourism growing in importance. The largest town, and the administrative centre, is Kingscote. The island has several nature reserves to protect the remnants of its natural vegetation and native animals, with the largest and best-known being Flinders Chase National Park at the western end.

Read more about Kangaroo Island:  Description

Other articles related to "kangaroo island, island, islands":

The Loch Vennachar Expedition
... the Fides shipwreck on the north coast of Kangaroo Island ... The SUHR collaborated with the SA Government and the Kangaroo Island Scuba Club to carry out the recovery ... The conserved anchor was returned to Kangaroo Island where it was placed on display at the Flinders Chase Homestead in the Flinders Chase National Park, following a formal ceremony on 26 March 1982 attended ...
Eucalyptus Cneorifolia
... Eucalyptus cneorifolia, the Kangaroo Island narrow-leaf mallee, is a native tree of Kangaroo Island, South Australia ... The Kangaroo Island narrow-leaf mallee was originally endemic to Kangaroo Island and has no closely related species ... On Kangaroo Island, there were over 100 stills for the production of eucalyptus oil from the narrow-leaf mallee, however, the distillation industry went into decline after the 1930s due to the ...
Peronista - Taxonomy
... the taxonomic status and geographic origin of the small island emu taxa from King Island and Kangaroo Island, since specimens of both populations were ... grounds, and the idea that all specimens had originated from Kangaroo Island ... Brasil argued the expedition did not encounter emus on King Island, because the weather had been too bad for them to leave their camp ...
Peronista - Relationship With Humans - Transported Specimens
... Le GĂ©ographe collected emus from both King and Kangaroo Island, and at least two live King Island individuals, assumed to be a male and female by some sources, were taken to ... This ship also brought skins of five juveniles collected from different islands ... of the mainland, but not that they were distinct from each other, or which island each had come from, so their provenance was unknown for more than a ...
Kangaroo Island - Environment - Fires
... Lightning strikes on Thursday 6 December 2007 caused several fires on the Island ... on 16 December 2007, over 900 square kilometres (or 20% of the Island) had been burnt, principally within National Park and Conservation Reserves ...

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