Jurisdiction (area)

A jurisdiction is an area with a set of laws under the control of a system of courts or government entity which are different to neighbouring areas.

Each state in a federal state such as Australia, Germany and the United States forms a separate jurisdiction. However sometimes certain laws in a federal state are uniform across the constituent states and enforced by a set of federal courts; with a result that the federal state forms a single jurisdiction for that purpose.

It is also possible for a jurisdiction to prosecute for crimes committed somewhere outside its jurisdiction, once the perpetrator returns In some cases, a citizen of another jurisdiction outside its own can be extradited to where a jurisdiction where the crime is illegal

Unitary states are usually single jurisdictions, but the United Kingdom is a notable exception; it has three separate jurisdictions due to its three separate legal systems.

Famous quotes containing the word jurisdiction:

    The putting into force of laws which shall secure the conservation of our resources, as far as they may be within the jurisdiction of the Federal Government, including the more important work of saving and restoring our forests and the great improvement of waterways, are all proper government functions which must involve large expenditure if properly performed.
    William Howard Taft (1857–1930)