Italian Game

The Italian Game is a family of chess openings beginning with the moves:

1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 Nc6
3. Bc4

The Italian Game is one of the oldest recorded chess openings; it occurs in the Göttingen manuscript and was developed by players such as Damiano and Polerio in the 16th century, and later by Greco in 1620, who gave the game its main line. It has been extensively analyzed for more than 300 years. The term Italian Game is now used interchangeably with Giuoco Piano, though that term also refers particularly to play after 3...Bc5. The Italian is regarded as an Open Game, or Double King's Pawn game.

The opening's defining move is the White bishop move to c4 (the so-called "Italian bishop") in preparation for an early attack on Black's vulnerable f7-square. As such the game is typified by aggressive play, where Black's best chances are often vigorous counterattacks. Most grandmasters have largely abandoned the Italian Game in favour of the Ruy Lopez (3.Bb5) and Scotch (3.d4), considering those two openings better tries for a long-term advantage, but the Italian is still popular in correspondence chess, where players are allowed access to published theory, and in games between amateurs.

Other articles related to "italian game, game":

Italian Game, Blackburne Shilling Gambit
... is the name facetiously given to a dubious chess opening, derived from an offshoot of the Italian Game, that begins 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nd4?! (see chess punctuation) ... The earliest game with the opening on is Dunlop–Hicks, New Zealand Championship 1911 ... Another early game, mentioned by Bill Wall, is Muhlock–Kostić, Cologne 1912 ...
Classification of Chess Openings - Open Games (1.e4 E5)
... a b c d e f g h 1 ... a b c d e f g h Open Game (after 1.e4 e5) a b c d e f g h 1 ... a b c d e f g h Ruy Lopez (after ... Gyula Breyer melodramatically declared that "After 1.e4 White's game is in its last throes" ... mirrors White's move and replies with 1...e5, the result is an open game ...

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