Islamism (Islam+-ism; Arabic: إسلام سياسي‎ Islām siyāsī, "Political Islam", or الإسلامية al-Islāmīyah) is a set of ideologies holding that Islam is "as much a political ideology as a religion". Islamism is a controversial term, and definitions of it sometimes vary (see below). Leading Islamist thinkers emphasize the enforcement of Sharia (Islamic law); of pan-Islamic political unity; and of the elimination of non-Muslim, particularly Western military, economic, political, social, or cultural influences in the Muslim world, which they believe to be incompatible with Islam.

Some observers suggest Islamism's tenets are less strict, and can be defined as a form of identity politics or "support for identity, authenticity, broader regionalism, revivalism, revitalization of the community". Following the Arab Spring at least one source has described Islamism as "increasingly interdependent" with democracy in much of the Arab Muslim world, such that "neither can now survive without the other."

Many of those described as "Islamists" oppose the use of the term, and claim that their political beliefs and goals are simply an expression of Islamic religious belief. Similarly, some experts favor the term activist Islam, militant Islam, or political Islam instead.

Central figures of modern Islamism include Sayyid Qutb, Hasan al-Banna, Abul Ala Maududi, Taqiuddin al-Nabhani, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, and Navvab Safavi.

Read more about IslamismDefinitions, History of Usage, Relation With Islam, Influence, Criticism, Counter-response, Organizations

Other articles related to "islamism":

Islamofascism - Support
... focuses his work on religion and Islamic affairs, opposes redefining Islamism as `Islamofascism`, but also finds the resemblances between the two ... Republic, historian Jeffrey Herf outlined the ideological linkage of Islamism with World War II Nazi anti-Semitic propaganda which was broadcasted to Muslims throughout the Middle East The alliance between the Nazis ... in the much longer history of political Islamism ...
Criticism Of Islamism
... Criticism of Islamism concerns critique of those beliefs or notions ascribed to Islamism or Islamist movements ... legislation, the relationship between Islamism and freedom of expression and the rights of women ... those authors and scholars who have criticized Islamism, or some element of it, are Olivier Roy, Joseph E ...
Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal - Background
... Historically, literature concerning Islamism and Muslim political institutions has been propagated via the Orientalist discourse, where the rejection of certain post-Enligh ... In fact, much of Islamism and its ideology are critiqued as a launching pad for fundamentalism and radicalism, as political movements such as Hezbollah, Hamas ... However, social science and ethnographic work has proven that Islamism emerges out of middle-class lay intellectuals concentrated in urban centers ...
Islamic Sects - Related Concepts - Islamism
... Islamism is a term that refers to a set of political ideologies derived from various fundamentalist views, which hold that Islam is not only a ...