Islamic State

An Islamic state (Arabic: الدولة الإسلامية‎ al-dawlah al-islamīyah) is a type of government, in which the primary basis for government is Islamic religious law. From the early years of Islam, numerous governments have been founded as "Islamic", beginning most notably with the Caliphate established by Muhammad himself and including subsequent governments ruled under the direction of a caliph (meaning, "successor" to the prophet Muhammad).

However, the term "Islamic state" has taken on a more specific modern connotation since the 20th century. The concept of the modern Islamic state has been articulated and promoted by ideologues such as Abul Ala Maududi, Ayatollah Ruhallah Khomeini, and Sayyid Qutb. Like the earlier notion of the caliphate, the modern Islamic state is rooted in Islamic law. It is modeled after the rule of Muhammad. However, unlike caliph-led governments which were imperial despotisms or monarchies (Arabic: "mulk"), a modern Islamic state can incorporate modern political institutions such as elections, parliamentary rule, judicial review, and popular sovereignty.

See also: Islamic democracy, Islamic republic, and Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists

Read more about Islamic State:  Muslim Criticism of Islamic States

Other articles related to "islamic state, islamic, state":

Abul Ala Maududi - Islamic Beliefs and Ideology - Islamic State
... The modern conceptualization of the "Islamic state" is attributed to Maududi ... In his book, The Islamic Law and Constitution, published in 1941 and subsequent writings, Maududi coined and popularized the term "Islamic state" itself ... In addition, he coined and popularized the term "Islamic revolution" in the 1940s, even though this phrase is commonly associated with the 1979 Iranian Revolution ...
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... Rashid Dostum (PDPA) Burhanuddin Rabbani (Islamic State) Ahmed Shah Massoud † (Islamic State) Mohammed Fahim (Islamic State) Bismillah Khan (Islamic Republic) ...
Muslim Criticism of Islamic States - Iran
... They were opposed to creating an Islamic state (see Ayatollah Ha'eri Yazdi (Khomeini's own teacher), Ayatollah Borujerdi, Grand Ayatollah Shariatmadari, and Grand Ayatollah Khui) ... have also become disenchanted and critical of the unity of religion and state in Islamic Republic of Iran, and are advocating secularization of the state to ...
List Of Organisations Outlawed In Australia For Terrorism
... but one of those organisations are associated to Islamic ideology ... islands of the Philippines, this group has affirmed a goal of creating a pan-Islamic superstate across Southeast Asia ... Holy Struggle Group) Ansar al-Sunna (formerly known as Ansar Al-Islam) Armed Islamic Group a group based in northern and central Iraq, and including Kurdish groups, Sunni Arab religious radicals, and others ...
Syed Ahmad Barelvi
... of the "The Way of the Prophet Muhammad" (Tariqah-i Muhhamdiyah), a revolutionary Islamic movement ... His defeat ended the dream of establishing an Islamic state in Peshawar, now in Pakistan ... modern Islamists in his waging of jihad and attempt to create an Islamic state with strict enforcement of Islamic law ...

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