The Iron Age is the archaeological period generally occurring after the Bronze Age, marked by the prevalent use of iron. The early period of the age is characterized by the widespread use of iron or steel. The adoption of such material coincided with other changes in society, including differing agricultural practices, religious beliefs and artistic styles. The Iron Age as an archaeological term indicates the condition as to civilization and culture of a people using iron as the material for their cutting tools and weapons. The Iron Age is the third principal period of the three-age system created by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen for classifying ancient societies and prehistoric stages of progress.
In historical archaeology, the ancient literature of the Iron Age includes the earliest texts preserved in manuscript tradition. Sanskrit literature and Chinese literature flourished in the Age. Other text includes the Avestan Gathas, the Indian Vedas and the oldest parts of the Hebrew Bible. The principal feature that distinguishes the Iron Age from the preceding ages is the introduction of alphabetic characters, and the consequent development of written language which enabled literature and historic record.
The beginning of the Iron Age in Europe and adjacent areas is characterized by certain forms of implements, weapons, personal ornaments, and pottery, and also by systems of decorative design, which are altogether different from those of the preceding age of bronze. The work of blacksmiths—developing implements and weapons—is hammered into shape, and, as a consequence, gradually departed from the stereotyped forms of their predecessors in bronze, which were cast, and the system of decoration, which in the Bronze Age consisted chiefly of a repetition of rectilinear patterns, gave way to a system of curvilinear and flowing designs. The term "Iron Age" has low chronological value, because it didn't begin simultaneously across the entire world. The dates and context vary depending on the region, and the sequence of ages is not necessarily true for every part of the earth's surface. There are areas, such as the islands of the South Pacific, the interior of Africa, and parts of North and South America, where peoples have passed directly from the use of stone to the use of iron without the intervention of an age of bronze.
Other articles related to "iron age, age":
... The Corlea Trackway (Irish Bóthar Chorr Liath) is an Iron Age trackway, or togher, near the village of Keenagh, south of Longford town, County Longford, in Ireland ... today a generally flat and open landscape, in the Iron Age it was covered by bog, quicksand, and ponds, surround by dense woodlands of birch, willow, hazel and alder ... from Corlea were radiocarbon dated to the Iron Age, rather than the Bronze Age as had been expected, and an archaeological project was established under the leadership of ...
... Iron Age Examples Dun Carloway broch, Lewis, Scotland A replica Iron Age thatched roof, Butser Ancient Farm, Hampshire, England Iron age roundhouse Iron age ...
... Bathampton Down, Iron Age earth enclosure with Bronze Age round barrows in the area ... Bindon Hill, Iron Age earth enclosure ... Great Orme, Bronze Age copper mines and an Iron Age hill fort ...
... Britain and the Celtic Iron Age (1997), British Museum Press (with Valery Rigby) The Atlantic Celts Ancient People or Modern Invention?, British Museum Press, 1999 (Published ... "A Bloodless Past The Pacification of Early Iron Age Britain" (2007) In Haselgrove and Pope, The Earlier Iron Age in Britain and the Near Continent, Oxbow Press ...
... Very little Iron Age human activity has been recorded on the Long Mynd ... This feature dates from the Iron Age, c ...
Famous quotes containing the words age and/or iron:
“Were not the right man on our side,
The man of Gods own choosing.
Dost ask who that may be?
Christ Jesus, it is he,
Lord Sabaoth is his name,
From age to age the same,
And he must win the battle.”
—Martin Luther (14831546)
“There is nothing but is related to us, nothing that does not interest us,kingdom, college, tree, horse, or iron show,the roots of all things are in man.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)