Infant baptism is the practice of baptising infants or young children. In theological discussions, the practice is sometimes referred to as paedobaptism or pedobaptism from the Greek pais meaning "child". The practice is sometimes contrasted with what is called "believer's baptism", or credobaptism, from the Latin word credo meaning "I believe", which is the religious practice of baptising only individuals who personally confess faith in Jesus, therefore excluding underage children. Infant baptism is also called christening by some faith traditions.
Most Christians belong to denominations that practise infant baptism. Denominations that practise infant baptism include the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy, Armenian Apostolic Church, Assyrian Church of the East, the Anglican churches, Lutherans, Presbyterians, Methodists, some Church of the Nazarene, the Reformed Church in America, the United Church of Canada, the United Church of Christ (UCC), and the Continental Reformed.
Groups within the Protestant tradition that reject infant baptism include the Baptists, Apostolic Christians, Disciples of Christ and the Churches of Christ, most Pentecostals, Mennonites, Amish, Plymouth Brethren, Seventh-day Adventists, most non-denominational churches, and other Arminian denominations. Infant baptism is also excluded by Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ), Jehovah's Witnesses, Christadelphians, and Latter Day Saints.
Other articles related to "infant baptism, baptism, infant":
... practices as tithes, the mass, and even infant baptism ... As early as 1523, William Reublin began to preach against infant baptism in villages surrounding Zurich, encouraging parents to not baptize their children ... By this time the question of infant baptism had become agitated and the Zurich council had instructed Zwingli to meet weekly with those who rejected infant baptism "until the matter ...
... Zwingli's views on baptism are largely rooted in his conflict with the Anabaptists, a group whose beliefs included the rejection of infant baptism and centered on the leadership of Conrad Grebel and Felix Manz ... out during the second Zürich disputation and Zwingli vigorously defended the need for infant baptism and his belief that rebaptism was unnecessary ... His major works on the subject include Baptism, Rebaptism, and Infant Baptism (1525), A Reply to Hubmaier (1525), A Refutation (1527), and Questions Concerning the Sacrament of Baptism (1530) ...
... (the original meaning of the word "confirm") the grace of Baptism, by conferring an increase and deepening of that grace ... "being confirmed" but of "confirming" the baptismal vows taken on one's behalf when an infant ... but in English "affirmation of baptism" (see Confirmation (Lutheran Church)) ...
... known until the controversy over William Wall's work on infant baptism appeared ... His work against infant baptism was composed in 1705–1706 as a series of letters to Wall ... Wall's History of Infant Baptism ...
... This section does not cite any references or sources Defenders of infant baptism have attempted to trace the practice to the New Testament era, but generally acknowledge that no unambiguous ... of church discipline, the Didache, envisions the baptism of adults ... Advocates of believer's baptism contend that non-Biblical records are not authoritative, and that no evidence exists from the Bible or early Christian literature that ...
Famous quotes containing the words baptism and/or infant:
“This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”
—Bible: New Testament Matthew, 3:17.
A voice from heaven, following the baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist.
“the dark ajar, the rocks breaking with light,
and undisturbed, unbreathing flame,
colorless, sparkless, freely fed on straw,
and, lulled within, a family with pets,
and looked and looked our infant sight away.”
—Elizabeth Bishop (19111979)