An indictment ( /ɪnˈdaɪtmənt/ in-DYT-mənt), in the common law system, is a formal accusation that a person has committed a crime. In jurisdictions that maintain the concept of felonies, the most serious criminal offence is a felony; jurisdictions that lack the concept of felonies often use that of an indictable offence—an offence that requires an indictment.

In most common law jurisdictions, an indictment was handed up by a grand jury, which returned a "true bill" if it found cause to make the charge, or "no bill" if it did not find cause. The right of one accused of a felony or serious crime to have the charges reviewed for probable cause by a grand jury before being tried by a petit jury, except for certain cases tried in courts-martial, is secured by the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, but this has been abolished in most parts of the world.

Read more about Indictment:  India, United States, Direct Indictment, Sealed Indictment

Other articles related to "indictment":

Sean M. Ramaley - Political Career - Indictment
... After pressure from party leaders, Ramaley withdrew from the race, although he and his lawyer alleged that the charges were politically motivated ... At a preliminary hearing on October 7, 2008, Melissa Lewis, now House Democratic caucus director for Allegheny County testified that Ramaley, then a legislative assistant in Mike Veon's district office, never performed legislative work ...
Sealed Indictment
... An indictment can be sealed so that it stays non-public until it is unsealed ... This can be done for a number of reasons ...
Sarah Palin Email Hack - Indictment
... A second federal grand jury in Knoxville returned an indictment of Kernell on October 7, 2008 ...
Michael Sarno - Indictments and First Imprisonment
... On February 7, 1990, Sarno was one of 20 Chicago mobsters named in a 42-count indictment alleging racketeering ... Among the other defendants charged with various crimes in the same indictment were Chicago Outfit leaders Harry Aleman and Rocco Infelice ... Sarno was identified in the indictment as being a mob money collector of extortion payments and juice loans and as the owner of a tavern in Cicero, Illinois ...
Lawrence Walsh - Independent Counsel
... Walsh also brought an indictment on two counts of perjury and one count of obstruction of justice against former defense secretary Caspar Weinberger in June 1992, though much of the indictment was dismissed for ... Walsh re-indicted Weinberger on one count of "false statements." The indictment conflicted with longstanding Justice Department policy of not bringing an indictment of a political figure out of a grand ... though the accusation was irrelevant to the indictment ...

Famous quotes containing the word indictment:

    I do not know a method of drawing up an indictment against a whole people.
    Edmund Burke (1729–1797)

    The indictment had never been clearly expressed,
    And it seemed that the Snark had begun,
    And had spoken three hours, before any one guessed
    What the pig was supposed to have done.
    Lewis Carroll [Charles Lutwidge Dodgson] (1832–1898)